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    • APIPA


      Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA) Overview DHCP is a service that functions at the application layer of the TCP/IP protocol stack. One of the primary tasks of the DHCP service is to automatically assign IP addresses to DHCP clients. A server running the DHCP service is called a DHCP server. The DHCP service automates the

    • Understanding the Microsoft Model

      Understanding the Microsoft Model

      Microsoft Model Overview Before Windows NT 3.1 was released, users had to obtain the TCP/IP protocol suite from a third party, and then install it. This was necessary for users to connect to the network, which in turn usually resulted in a number of issues. When it came to network communication, the TCP/IP software which

    • Understanding the Department of Defense Network Model

      Understanding the Department of Defense Network Model

      Department of Defense Network (DoD) Network Model Introduction Back in 1960, systems were primarily made up of mainframe computers, and were typically owned by fairly large companies and government institutions. Because mainframe computers run different proprietary software, and due to mainframes not being able to communicate between each other, special code (interface) had to be

    • Troubleshooting VPNs

      Troubleshooting VPNs

      Troubleshooting VPN Services Overview Troubleshooting VPNs typically encompass troubleshooting of the following configuration settings, or aspects of your remote access strategy: IP connectivity. Setting up of remote access connections IPSec IP routing To create VPN connections, there are a few requirements that have to be met: VPN services need to be enabled on the server.

    • Understanding IPv6

      Understanding IPv6

      Understanding the Limitations of IPv4 Before moving on the to an in-depth discussion of IPv6, lets first look at the limitations of IPv4: The IPv4 addresses are somewhat scarce, even though it allows for 4,294,967,296 possible addresses. Because of this limitation, organizations are forced to utilize Network Address Translator (NAT) to map a public IP

    • SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)

      SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)

      An Overview on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) The Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol was developed by Netscape Communications, and enables secure communication over the Internet. SSL works at the transport layer of Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), which makes the protocol independent of the application layer protocol functioning on top of it. SSL is an

    • NetBIOS Names

      NetBIOS Names

      A NetBIOS name is an identifier that NetBIOS services running on a computer use. It is a combination of a 15 character (byte) name and a 16th character denoting the service. These names identify resources on the NetBIOS network. NetBIOS cannot do name resolution on the Internet because NetBIOS names are single part names and

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