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    • IKE (Internet Key Exchange)

      IKE (Internet Key Exchange)

      The term Internet Key Exchange refers to the networking protocol that designed to configure a SA (security association) within the IPsec protocol suite of applications. Internet Key Exchange (or IKE) is constructed on top of ISAKMP and the Oakley protocol and is often used in the VPN tunneling process. X.509 certificates are used for authentication

    • Access Control

      Access Control

      Access control is the execution of limitations and restrictions on whoever tries to occupy a certain protected property, thereby keeping people as safe as possible. As modern society moves further into the cyber age, these access control systems become almost completely computer controlled. This article will further explain what access control is, how it works,

    • Intrusion Detection System (IDS)

      Intrusion Detection System (IDS)

      Consumers commonly mistake an intrusion detection system (IDS)with a computer firewall. Although both applications have a similar goal to protect end-users from nefarious hackers and computer malware, an IDS differs from a firewall in that it can be either a device or software program created to monitor an individual computer, computing device, or network for

    • How Firewall Protection Works

      How Firewall Protection Works

      Firewall protection works by blocking certain types of traffic between a source and a destination. All network traffic has a source, a destination, and a protocol. This protocol is usually TCP, UDP, or ICMP. If this protocol is TCP or UDP, there is a source port and a destination port. Most often the source port

    • LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)

      LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)

      LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a protocol for communications between LDAP servers and LDAP clients. LDAP servers store "directories" which are access by LDAP clients. LDAP is called lightweight because it is a smaller and easier protocol which was derived from the X.500 DAP (Directory Access Protocol) defined in the OSI network protocol stack.

    • DMZ (DeMilitarized Zone)

      DMZ (DeMilitarized Zone)

      The majority of non-computer professionals think of a DMZ as the strip of land that serves as the buffer between North and South Korea along the 39th parallel north created as part of the Korean Armistice Agreement in 1953. In the computer security field; however, the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) is either a logical or physical

    • Packet Fragmentation

      Packet Fragmentation

      Every packet based network has an MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) size. The MTU is the size of the largest packet that that network can transmit. Packets larger than the allowable MTU must be divided into smaller packets or fragments to enable them to traverse the network. Network Standard MTU Ethernet 1500 Token Ring 4096 Packet

    • Two Factor Authentication

      Two Factor Authentication

      Two factor authentication is term used to describe any authentication mechanism where more than one thing is required to authentate a user. The two components of two factor authentication are: Something you know Something you have Traditional authentication schemes used username and password pairs to authenticate users. This provides minimal security, because many user passwords

    • Free Firewall Software

      Free Firewall Software

      Free firewalls have become very common and represent an excellent alternative to commercial firewall packages. Most of these firewalls run under some form of Linux, FreeBSD, or OpenBSD. Many of these free firewalls are front-ends for the lower-level firewall packages which ship with these operating systems, such as pf (Packet Filter), ipf (IPFilter), ipfw (IPFirewall),

    • How to Disable the Netgear Router Firewall

      How to Disable the Netgear Router Firewall

      In most cases, disabling the firewall on a Netgear router is a really bad idea. In fact, it is such a bad idea that Netgear does not even make a button in their GUI that does this. Nevertheless, users can effectively disable a Netgear router firewall just by adding a rule or two to the

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