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    • ST Connectors

      ST Connectors

      The ST (Straight Tip) connector is a fiber optic connector which uses a plug and socket which is locked in place with a half-twist bayonet lock. The ST connector was the first defactor standard for fiber optic cabling. It was first developed by AT&T. ST connectors were leading connectors in the late 80s and early

    • MPLS (Multi Protocol Label Switching)

      MPLS (Multi Protocol Label Switching)

      MPLS stands for Multi Protocol Label Switching. The MPLS is often referred to as the layer in between the Data Link and Network layers because of where it operates. The MPLS serves as a method to forward packets of data easily by using labels. What are the Data Link and Network layers? In the seven-layer

    • Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks

      Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks

      A Denial of Service (DoS) attack is one that attempts to prevent the victim from being able to use all or part of his/her network connection. A denial of service attack may target a user to prevent him/her from making outgoing connections on the network. It may also target an entire organization to either prevent

    • What Port Number is XXX on?

      What Port Number is XXX on?

      The way that most services work under TCP/IP is that the server is configured to use a well known port number and the client connects from a random high port. Most of these well known ports are port numbers below 1,024. High ports are ports 1,024 or above. In the old days, ports below 1,024

    • How to Set a Static IP

      How to Set a Static IP

      An IP (Internet Protocol) address is a unique identifier for any device that connects to the Internet. All computers, modems, routers, mobile devices, and even accessory items such as printers, scanners, and fax machines have an IP address. IP addresses are extremely common in the web design industry because every website must be associated with

    • Data Link Layer

      Data Link Layer

      The Data Link Layer is layer two of the OSI model. It resides above the Physical Layer and below the Network Layer. The Data Link Layer is responsible for communications between adjacent network nodes. Hubs and switches operate at the Data Link Layer. The Data Link Layer is logically divided into two sub-layers: The Media

    • ADSL Router

      ADSL Router

      An ADSL router is also known as a DSL modem. The router connects the computer to the DSL phone line so the ADSL service can be used. Some countries also use the term NTBBA (Network Termination BroadBand Access). There are some ADSL routers that are also capable of sharing a single Internet connection with a

    • RADIUS Server

      RADIUS Server

      RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service) is a system procedure that offers centralized entrance, approval, as well as accounting administration for individuals or computers to add and utilize a network service. Individuals often need “Authentication” when they try to fix to a network. People have to face far more problems while connecting their computers

    • CCMP (Counter Mode with Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code Protocol)

      CCMP (Counter Mode with Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code Protocol)

      CCMP (Counter Mode with Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code Protocol) is the preferred encryption protocol in the 802.11i standard. CCMP Cryptography CCMP is based upon the CCM mode of the AES encryption algorithm. CCMP utilizes 128-bit keys, with a 48-bit initialization vector (IV) for replay detection. The Components of CCMP The Counter Mode (CM)

    • WiBro

      WiBro

      South Korea developed the WiBro (Wireless Broadband) technology in order to provide a high speed Internet solution for local consumers. The technology is based on the 802.16e standard which is more commonly known as the WiMAX standard in other countries. At the time of this writing, the capacity of the WiBro connections available in South

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