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    • How a MagLev Train Works

      How a MagLev Train Works

      MagLev Trains are trains that rely on magnets or magnetic force to run. There are different kinds of MagLev Trains that have been developed and they differ on the technology used to attract the magnetic force or magnets to make the train run or levitate. Each project is developing its own version of Magnetic levitation

    • Potassium Benzoate

      Potassium Benzoate

      Potassium benzoate is the potassium salt of benzoic acid. Benzoic acids are weak acids that are used as food preservatives. Potassium benzoate is also commonly used for preserving food. It is primarily used to inhibit mold and bacteria growth. This allows the product that potassium benzoate preserves to last longer on the shelf, thereby increasing

    • What Are Subatomic Particles?

      What Are Subatomic Particles?

      Subatomic particles are the most elementary particles found in nature. The three basic subatomic particles that comprise an atom are protons, electrons, and neutrons. The historical definition of a subatomic particle was expanded over the past several decades to include elementary particles that are less complex than an atom and cannot be broken down further.

    • What Are the Four Dimensions?

      What Are the Four Dimensions?

      The four dimensions are concepts in mathematics to describe different shapes. It is easy to understand a first dimension, second dimension and third dimension shape. All things are 3D in the world, but images can be 2D. A first dimension is as easy as a line. However, what is the fourth dimension? The fourth dimension

    • How Does an Ultrasonic Nebulizer Work?

      How Does an Ultrasonic Nebulizer Work?

      An ultrasonic nebulizer is a small, portable device that uses ultrasonic sound waves to break liquid particles down into a fog so that they can be inhaled easily. Patients who have asthma, COPD, pneumonia, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or other chronic conditions, most often use them for medicinal purposes. While other devices can deliver the medicine

    • What is a Generator?

      What is a Generator?

      A generator (electrical) is a device that converts mechanical or chemical energy into electrical energy. Generators often use motors, turbines, engines, cranks, pistons, or other sources of mechanical energy. Likewise, generators may use chemicals or other materials that produce electricity when mixed or ignited. Generators do not produce electricity itself, but simply produce a flow

    • What is a Psychrometer?

      What is a Psychrometer?

      A psychrometer is a type of hygrometer and is used exclusively to determine the relative humidity or moisture content in the air. Psychrometers represent an older humidity measurement form and electronic sensors that depend on changes in electrical resistance and capacitance rather than condensation temperature have widely replaced them. However, psychrometers are still found in

    • What is the Fifth State of Matter?

      What is the Fifth State of Matter?

      The fifth state of matter is actually the first phase of matter. It is called a Bose-Einstein Condensate. Matter in the fifth state is really slow moving and extremely condensed. It only exists at near absolute zero temperatures and is very fragile and unstable. It was discovered in 1995 by Eric Cornell and Carl Weiman through experimentation with rubidium,

    • Magnetorheological Fluid

      Magnetorheological Fluid

      Magnetorheological fluid or MR fluid is a special material used for building smart structures that can withstand earthquakes. The Magnetorheological fluid can change from liquid to solid and vice versa. It makes the buildings of which it is a component particularly flexible so they can adapt to external force that would have made other more

    • How Sand is Formed

      How Sand is Formed

      Sand is a sedimentary material; loose grains of worn out and disintegrated rocks. Sand is of fine granules with grains ranging between 0.06 and 2.0 mm in diameter. Sand is a naturally occurring fragmented material comprised of tiny particles of decomposed rocks, shells, or corals. So how does sand come about? As mentioned before, nature

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