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    • Intelligent Transportation Systems

      Intelligent Transportation Systems

      Intelligent transportation systems are projects that aim to integrate modern communication and information technology into existing transportation management systems in order to optimize vehicle life, fuel efficiency, safety, and traffic in urbanized cities. The need for intelligent transportation systems stems from the fact that traffic congestion has been increasing all around the world because of

    • How Laser Skin Treatment Works

      How Laser Skin Treatment Works

      A laser skin treatment is a relatively new technology that surgeons have only recently begun using. It is when the surgeons utilize lasers (containing carbon dioxide) to vaporize the skin’s upper layers, consequently allowing a new layer of skin to form. The technique is commonly used to fine tune wrinkles and various face lines, especially

    • How Do Neurons Work?

      How Do Neurons Work?

      The neuron is the cell responsible for the transfer of information and electrical impulses around the body. Neurons work by transferring electrical charges from neuron to neuron to get from one point to another. All data, therefore, is transferred in this electrical fashion which is why computer science has become such an important tool in

    • Virtual Autopsy

      Virtual Autopsy

      A Virtual Autopsy or Virtopsy is a new and non-intrusive form of performing an human autopsy. This system utilizes a Computer Tomography or CT unit and an (MRI) Magnetic Resonance Imaging unit to obtain a detailed view of a body. Here the MRI images and the detailed X-rays are combined to create a full three-dimensional

    • What is a Permeable Membrane?

      What is a Permeable Membrane?

      A membrane is a barrier that prevents entry of materials. Membranes can be permeable, which allows certain materials to go in and out of the barrier based on a variety of factors. Permeable Membrane in Biology In biology, a simple example of a permeable membrane is a cell wall. In both plant and animal cells,

    • Infrared

      Infrared

      Infrared light is a form of electromagnetic waves. In its visible form, infrared can be seen as red or violet. Visible infrared waves are very short, measuring about 750 nm in length; longer infrared waves which are closest to microwaves are about 1mm in length. Infrared Waves While most infrared wave lengths give off heat,

    • How Laser Hair Removal Works

      How Laser Hair Removal Works

      Laser hair removal, as its name suggests, is using a laser to remove any hair that is unwanted. The majority of the process is done with a thin light beam of laser passing through the area of the skin that is being treated. Within the skin, specifically the dark pigment, also known as the melanin

    • What is Phosphorescence?

      What is Phosphorescence?

      Phosphorescence is an effect in which some chemicals re-emit light that they absorb. It is similar to fluorescence, except that the chemical reactions within phosphorescent materials happen less often, thus they take longer to emit light. Phosphorescent materials can be recharged by being exposed to light and may store light for several hours before it

    • Terahertz Radiation

      Terahertz Radiation

      Terahertz radiation is a selection of the electromagnetic wave spectrum that propagates at frequencies regarded as the terahertz band. ‘Radiation physics of energetic waves’ defines the terahertz band as tremendously high frequency. The terahertz band can be applied within the bracket of 300 gigahertz (high frequency microwave) and 3000 gigahertz (long wavelength far infrared light).

    • What is Stereoscopic Vision?

      What is Stereoscopic Vision?

      The term stereoscopic vision refers to the human ability to view with both eyes in similar, but slightly different ways. This allows humans to judge distance, which develops their ability to have true depth perception. Historically, the human’s ability to view the world through stereoscopic sight has given him/her a significant advantage over entities and

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