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    • How Do Xenon Lights Work?

      How Do Xenon Lights Work?

      Xenon is a noble gas–found all the way to the right on the periodic table of elements–that is odorless, colorless and heavy. It has many different uses, but one of the biggest uses that it has is the use in light bulbs. The reason for this is because when xenon is excited, it gives off

    • U.S. Drones

      U.S. Drones

      The U.S. drone program has seen significant press since the first Gulf War when the defenders of Faylaka Island surrendered to the Pioneer drone, or Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), flying spotting services for the USS Wisconsin (BB 64). Since that time, the technology powering U.S. drones has steadily improved now allowing the MQ-1B Predator and

    • How a Convection Oven Works

      How a Convection Oven Works

      In a regular oven, a thin layer of air insulates food from the heat beneath it. This layer of air causes food to be cooked unevenly and slows cooking time down considerably. A convection oven is a type of oven that solves this problem by circulating the air within the chamber by using either one

    • Dielectric Constant

      Dielectric Constant

      A dielectric constant measures the extent that a material concentrates electrostatic flux and is also known as the relative static permittivity, static dielectric constant, and relative dielectric constant. It is essential when determining if a substance can be used in a capacitor or various chemistry and physics applications. A material’s dielectric constant value must be

    • Electroluminescent Wire

      Electroluminescent Wire

      Electroluminescent wire (EL wire) is a thin wire that produces 360 degrees of visible light. EL wire differs from string lights, such as Christmas lights, which only produce light at specific points. It uses a phenomenon known as electroluminescence to generate light when electricity runs through it. EL wire is very thin and flexible and

    • What Are the Four Dimensions?

      What Are the Four Dimensions?

      The four dimensions are concepts in mathematics to describe different shapes. It is easy to understand a first dimension, second dimension and third dimension shape. All things are 3D in the world, but images can be 2D. A first dimension is as easy as a line. However, what is the fourth dimension? The fourth dimension

    • How Does an Ultrasonic Nebulizer Work?

      How Does an Ultrasonic Nebulizer Work?

      An ultrasonic nebulizer is a small, portable device that uses ultrasonic sound waves to break liquid particles down into a fog so that they can be inhaled easily. Patients who have asthma, COPD, pneumonia, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or other chronic conditions, most often use them for medicinal purposes. While other devices can deliver the medicine

    • What is the Fifth State of Matter?

      What is the Fifth State of Matter?

      The fifth state of matter is actually the first phase of matter. It is called a Bose-Einstein Condensate. Matter in the fifth state is really slow moving and extremely condensed. It only exists at near absolute zero temperatures and is very fragile and unstable. It was discovered in 1995 by Eric Cornell and Carl Weiman through experimentation with rubidium,

    • Magnetic Separators

      Magnetic Separators

      A magnetic separator is a device that uses a magnet to remove impurities and other magnetic materials from metal. Magnetic separators can be used before, during, and after production of a material and can be adjusted to attract different types of magnetic materials at varying levels of intensity. Magnetic separators are used for a wide

    • What is a Laser Profilometer?

      What is a Laser Profilometer?

      A profilometer is an instrument that measures a surface profile to determine its roughness. A surface’s vertical resolution is normally measured at the nanometer level, with lateral resolutions being measured to a less accurate degree. Over the past decade, profilometers have started using laser technology in order to improve the degree to which a surface

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