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    • The Zeus Virus

      The Zeus Virus

      The Zeus Virus is the popular term for the Zeus banking Trojan virus which was used to steal bank account details and passwords in the U.K. This resulted in a loss of more than $850,000 for those infected. The Zeus virus has been around for a number of years as part of the larger Zeus

    • How to Remove the “My Web Search” Toolbar

      How to Remove the “My Web Search” Toolbar

      My Web Search is a malware toolbar distributed by Mindspark Interactive Network via their extensive network of spam sites, most of which are targeted towards young people.  This rapidly expanding list of sites includes Zwinky, Zwinky Cuties, GirlSense, Webfetti, Kazula, iWon, SmileyCentral, MyFunCards, CursorMania, and CardBoiled. These sites trick people, mainly children, into installing the

    • Proximity Sensors

      Proximity Sensors

      A proximity sensor is an electronic device that is designed to detect the presence of objects, people, or other living things within a given distance and detection threshold. Proximity sensors are able to detect objects without physically touching them by transmitting a detecting field/beam such as infrared, acoustic, and inductive transmissions. When the sensor receives

    • How to Find Stored Passwords on a Computer

      How to Find Stored Passwords on a Computer

      There are a large number of websites and programs that prompt end users to save passwords on their personal computer(s). Popular web browsers such as Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, and instant messaging software like Windows Live Messenger are capable of saving user logins and passwords on the local computer. A common task that

    • How to Delete WD SmartWare

      How to Delete WD SmartWare

      Western Digital (WD) Portable Hard Drives are capable of storing quite a bit of information. Modern Western Digital drives come with a firmware called “SmartWare,” which can be useful to some users. The SmartWare can provide backup solutions that may not be available with the operating system in use. WD hard drives with SmartWare also

    • Zyxel Default Password

      Zyxel Default Password

      Zyxel is a manufacturer of firewalls, switches, routers, and other devices that are used in wireless networking. Specifically, Zyxel routers can be found in both residential and commercial environments, causing it to be the most popular device that Zyxel sells. Zyxel routers are often equipped with dual antennas, WPA encryption, and up to four Ethernet

    • What is Tor?

      What is Tor?

      Tor is a program that is able to hide the user’s online activities from third parties and prevent websites from seeing where the user is browsing from by rerouting the user’s sent and recieved data through the Tor Network. The Tor Network is made up of hundreds of volunteers from around the world that specifically

    • Block and Stream Ciphers

      Block and Stream Ciphers

      The two most common types of encryption algorithm used in modern cryptography are the block and stream ciphers. The block cipher uses a deterministic algorithm that conducts operations on fixed-length groupings of bits, or blocks. By using a transformation specified by a symmetric key, a block cipher is able to encrypt bulk data, and is

    • How Do Password Hacking Programs Work?

      How Do Password Hacking Programs Work?

      Password hacking programs work by using a number of approaches to either decrypt or guess a working password. Three of the most common approaches that password hacking programs use are: Known Ciphertext Attacks Dictionary Attacks Brute Force Attacks The specific algorithm that the password hacking program implements depends on the password system’s design. Each password

    • Known Ciphertext Attack

      Known Ciphertext Attack

      The known ciphertext attack, or ciphertext only attack (COA) is an attack method used in cryptanalysis when the attacker has access to a given set of ciphertext(s). The attacker does not have access to corresponding cleartext in this method; however, COA is successful when correspdonding plaintext can be determined from a given set of ciphertext.

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