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    • Smart Card

      Smart Card

      A Smart Card is a plastic card the size of a credit card with an integrated circuit built into it. This integrated circuit may consist only of EEPROM in the case of a memory card, or it may also contain ROM, RAM and even a CPU. Most smart cards have been designed with the look

    • Smart Card Software

      Smart Card Software

      A smart card contains an integrated circuit (IC) chip containing a central processing unit (CPU), random access memory (RAM) and non-volatile data storage. Data stored in the smart card’s microchip can be accessed only through the chip operating system (COS). Smart cards provide a secure, portable platform for “any time, anywhere” computing that can contain

    • ISO 7816

      ISO 7816

      ISO 7816 is the internationally accepted standard for smart cards. ISO 7816 is a family of standards primarily dealing with aspects of smart card interoperability regarding communication characteristics, physical properties, and application identifiers of the implanted chip and data. The ISO 7816 family includes eleven parts which are in a constant state of flux as

    • ATM Skimmer

      ATM Skimmer

      An ATM skimmer is a card reader that is installed on some ATMs by criminals in order to steal the card numbers and PINs of the victims who use them. ATM skimmers vary in sophistication, but may be installed either directly within an ATM or next to it and may either interfere with the ATM’s

    • How a Magnetic Card Reader Works

      How a Magnetic Card Reader Works

      A magnetic card is a rectangular plastic object (credit/debit card) that contains either a magnetic object embedded within the card or a magnetic stripe on the card’s exterior. A magnetic card can store any form of digital data. The electronic devices designed to read stored information from a magnetic card do so either when someone

    • Data Layout on Magnetic Stripe Cards

      Data Layout on Magnetic Stripe Cards

      Data is laid out on a standard magnetic card in three tracks. A magnetic stripe card may have any of these tracks or a combination of these tracks. Track 1 was the first track standardized. The International Air Transportation Association (IATA) developed it and it is still reserved for their use. It is 210bpi with

    • How a Smart Card Programmer Works

      How a Smart Card Programmer Works

      A smart card is a mini computer which requires programming to run. A smart card doesn’t contain an interface-like display or keyboard, so smart card readers are used to read or update the data tofrom smart cards. Smart cards contain an operating system which provides a platform to run applications. Smart card operating systems can

    • Test Credit Card Numbers

      Test Credit Card Numbers

      A test credit card number is the card number of a fake live credit account provided by a credit card company in order for retailers to verify that their card readers are working properly and that they are compatible with a specific credit card brand. Test credit card numbers are read like real credit card

    • How to Determine if a Credit Card Number is Valid

      How to Determine if a Credit Card Number is Valid

      Credit cards use the Luhn Check Digit Algorithm. The main purpose of the Luhn Check Digit Algorithm is to catch data entry errors, but it does double duty here as a weak security tool. The Luhn Check Digit Algorithm For a card with an even number of digits, double every odd numbered digit (1st digit,

    • How a Smart Card Reader Works

      How a Smart Card Reader Works

      Smart Card Readers are also known as card programmers (because they can write to a card), card terminals, card acceptance device (CAD), or an interface device (IFD). There is a slight difference between the card reader and the terminal. The term ‘reader’ is generally used to describe a unit that interfaces with a PC for

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