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    • How Do Cell Phones Work?

      How Do Cell Phones Work?

      As technology has improved over the past few decades, cell phones have only gotten better and better.Though most people do not stop to consider the idea, it is still an amazing feat even today that what was once only an idea presented in movies and novels, has now become our number one modern-day communication device.

    • How Cell Phone Tracking Works

      How Cell Phone Tracking Works

      Before GPS started being deployed in the majority of mobile devices sold on the market, the only method available to track a cell phone was triangulating the cell phone’s position using one of several techniques available to law enforcement and other governmental agencies. Today, most cell phone tracking applications work by accessing the GPS location

    • How to Update the Blackberry OS

      How to Update the Blackberry OS

      The BlackBerry OS is deployed on mobile devices used in 91 countries across more than 500 service operators. Research In Motion (RIM) developed the operating system since 1999, which allows mobile devices to act as both digital assistants and portable media players depending on the type of device purchased. A common task that arises for

    • IVR Software

      IVR Software

      IVR software enables companies to build custom Interactive Voice Response (IVR) systems, which can be used to provide automated self-service to inbound callers. IVR enables callers to interact more intuitively with automated phone systems, while at the same time providing significant cost reductions over human operators. IVR Call Flows A sample IVR call flow might

    • Ground Start

      Ground Start

      What is Ground Start? Ground Start or GST is a signaling technique for telephony from a terminal, or a subscriber local loop, to a telephone exchange in which a party gets a dial tone by momentarily grounding one side of a (telephone) circuit. The Ring side of a wire pair is usually the side that

    • Mobile Software

      Mobile Software

      Mobile software refers to software that can be stored and executed on a mobile device such as a cell phone, PDA, smart phone, or similar device. Mobile software can range in its capabilities as some simply change the virtual appearance of the device while others provide important features such as menu layouts and password protection.

    • TL1 (Transaction Language 1)

      TL1 (Transaction Language 1)

      TL1 (Transaction Language 1) is an element management protocol used primarily in the telecommunications industry. TL1 was designed by Bellcore (now Telecordia) in 1984 for use with its OSS (Operations Support System), NMA. TL1 is an MML (Man Machine Language), which means that TL1 messages should be readable and writeable by humans as well as

    • Loop Start

      Loop Start

      Loop start is a a signaling technique in which a party gets a dial tone by closing (shorting) a DC current loop. In a loop start signaling system, the electrical loop between your telephone and your central office (CO) is normally open. When you pick up the telephone handset, it causes a circuit to be

    • IS-54 and IS-136: TDMA

      IS-54 and IS-136: TDMA

      IS-54 and IS-136 are standards for TDMA American Digital Cellular. Mobile Frequency Range Rx: 869-894; Tx: 824-849 Multiple Access Method TDMA/FDM Duplex Method FDD Number of Channels 832 (3 users per channel) Channel Spacing 30Khz Modulation DQPSK Channel Bit Rate 48.6Kb IS-54 and IS-136: TDMA Security IS-54 and IS-136 use the CAVE (Cellular Authentication, Voice

    • 110 Block

      110 Block

      A 110 block is a punch-down block used to connect wiring for telephone systems, data network wiring, and other low-voltage wiring applications. It improves on the 66 block by supporting higher frequencies and using space more efficiently. A punch-down tool is used to force solid wire into metal slots on the 110 block. Present residences

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