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    • The History of Cell Phones

      The History of Cell Phones

      Cell phone technology  is based on radio technology that was developed from the 1940’s onward. For instance, the beginning of cell phones can be traced to the innovation in taxi cabs, police cars, and other service vehicles where two way radios allowed taxi drivers or police officers to communicate with one another or with a

    • 66 block

      66 block

      A 66 block is a punch-down block used to connect wiring for telephone systems and other low-speed low-voltage wiring applications. A punch-down tool is used to force solid wire into metal slots on the 66 block. The 25-pair standard non-split 66 Block encloses 50 rows; each row has four columns of clips that are electrically

    • NAM: Number Assignment Module

      NAM: Number Assignment Module

      The NAM (Number Assignment Module) is the EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory) in a mobile telephone which holds information such as the MIN (or MDN) and SIDH.  The data fields stored in a phone’s NAM vary between the various mobile telephone specifications, such as AMPS/NAMPS, GSM, PCS, CMDA.  In modern networks, NAMs can be reprogrammed

    • CLEC (Competitive Local Exchange Carrier)

      CLEC (Competitive Local Exchange Carrier)

      A CLEC, or Competitive Local Exchange Carrier, is a type of telecommunications provider that was formed after the breakup of AT&T. CLECs are usually smaller telecommunications providers that compete with ILECs, or Incumbent Local Exchange Carriers, which were already in place before AT&T’s separation. While CLECs generally provide the same services as ILECS for less,

    • LATA (Local Access and Transport Area)

      LATA (Local Access and Transport Area)

      A LATA (Local Access and Transport Area) is a geographical and administrative area that is the responsibility of an LEC (Local Exchange Carrier). It is an expression used in U.S. telecommunications law. LATA borders are outlined around markets, and not essentially along present state, province, or even area code borders. Several LATAs traverse over state

    • 3GP

      3GP

      3GP is the standard used today on the 3G mobile phones. It is distinguished in two different standards; the 3GPP, which is used on GSM-based phones and have the file extension, .3gp. There is also the 3GPP2, which is for CDMA-based phones, and have the file extension .3g2. These two standards are MPEG-4 and H.263

    • 15 Ways to Improve Your Phone’s Battery Life

      15 Ways to Improve Your Phone’s Battery Life

      Although mobile phones have become almost ubiquitous in modern culture, device manufacturers have yet to solve the problem of significantly improving the battery life of mobile phones significantly. As a result, consumers must seek out methods to manage the overall application and program usage on their cell phones in order to improve the overall life

    • War Dialing

      War Dialing

      War dialing, also called scanning, is dialing a large number of telephone numbers in the hope of finding anything interesting. Interesting items often include test tones, computers, Voice Mail Boxes (VMB's), Private Branch Exchanges (PBX's), and government offices. A common technique is to find one telephone number owned by a target and then to war

    • SIM Card

      SIM Card

      A SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) card is a type of interface card that is found in most modern cell phones and contains the user’s account information as well as some types of media, such as contacts, pictures, and sometimes ringtones. A SIM card contains an ICCID, or Integrated Circuit Card ID, number that identifies the

    • Ground Start

      Ground Start

      What is Ground Start? Ground Start or GST is a signaling technique for telephony from a terminal, or a subscriber local loop, to a telephone exchange in which a party gets a dial tone by momentarily grounding one side of a (telephone) circuit. The Ring side of a wire pair is usually the side that

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