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    The Types of Commands used to Manage IIS from the Command Line

    The types of commands that manage IIS from the command line are:

    • IISReset, Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) scripts, Active Directory Services Interface (ADSI), and the standard Windows commands and Support Tools utilities.

    IISReset Command-line Utility

    IISReset is a command-line utility that has been in existence from IIS 5 that can be used to stop IIS, restart IIS, and reboot the IIS server. Typical reasons for restarting IIS are:

    • When problematic ASP.NET and ASP applications exist and resource leaks need to be eliminated, or to initiate resource recycling.
    • When certain IIS configuration changes are made, users need to restart IIS so that the changes are applied. A few of these types of configuration settings changes are listed below:
      • IIS needs to be restarted when the IIS isolation mode is changed.
      • When a metabase from a metabase history file is restored manually, restart IIS.
      • Restart IIS when the Direct Metabase Edit feature’s property is changed, EnableEditWhileRunning, directly in the metabase file.Using IIS Command-Line Utilities to Manage IIS
      • IIS also has to be restarted whenever changes are made to any global configuration settings located under HKLMSoftwareMicrosoftInetMgrParameters.

    Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)

    Use WMI scripts for a few typical IIS management tasks:

    • Create and delete websites and FTP sites
    • Create and delete virtual directories
    • Enable/disable web service extensions
    • Backup and restore IIS configuration and copy IIS configuration
    • Import/export portions of the metabase as well as other management tasks

    Microsoft provides a few WMI scripts and they are located in the WindowsSystem32 directory. These WMI scripts and their associated functions are listed below:

    • iisweb.vbs: Performs the following management tasks from the command line:
      • List Web sites
      • Create/delete Web sites
      • Start/stop Web sites
    • iisvdir.vbs: Performs the following management tasks from the command line:
      • Create/delete virtual directories for Web sites.
      • List virtual directories in a specified root.
    • iisapp.vbs: Lists all Web applications running on the IIS machine.
    • iisback.vbs: Backs up and restores IIS configuration settings and deletes IIS backups.
    • iiscnfg.vbs: Performs the following management tasks from the command line:
      • Import and export IIS configurations as XML files.
      • Save IIS configuration to disk.
      • Copy IIS configuration settings.
    • iisext.vbs: Performs the following management tasks from the command line:
      • List applications
      • Enable applications
      • Add/remove application dependencies
      • Enable/disable web service extensions
      • List and add/remove web service extension files
      • Enable/disable web service extension files
    • iisftp.vbs: Performs the following management tasks from the command line:
      • List FTP sites
      • Create/delete FTP sites
      • Start/stop FTP sites
      • Set Active Directory user isolation for your FTP sites
    • iisftpdr.vbs: Performs the following management tasks from the command line:
      • Create and delete virtual directories in FTP sites.
      • List virtual directories in a specified root.

    Active Directory Services Interface (ADSI)

    Active Directory Services Interface (ADSI) was used in II 5 to manage IIS from the command line. Through ADSI, users can change IIS configuration settings and configure websites, applications, and virtual directories from the command line. With IIS 6, it is recommended to use WMI scripts over ADSI. Any custom ADSI scripts previously used in IIS 5 should be tested to verify that they work in IIS 6.

    Windows Commands and Support Tools Utilities

    A few IIS specific Windows commands, such as the net commands, can be used to manage IIS from the command line:

    • net start and net stop: Used to start and stop IIS services. The service name that should be used when utilizing the net command to start or stop IIS services are listed below:
      • FTP service = msftpsvc
      • IIS Admin service = iisadmin
      • NNTP service = nntpsvc
      • SMTP service = smtpsvc
      • WWW service = w3svc
    • net localgroup: adds a user account to the IIS_WPG group. Accounts utilized as application pool identities are members of the IIS_WPG group.
    • Cacls: Captures NTFS permissions on the IIS server.
    • Convlog: Converts the IIS log files to the NCSA format.

    Users can also use the resource kit utilities listed below to manage certain elements of IIS:

    • secedit: Used to administer security templates.
    • auditpol: Used to change audit policies from the command line.
    • showmbrs: Used to list the members of security groups which have permissions on directories and files.

    How to Schedule IISReset.exe through Task Scheduler

    IISReset is typically helps users to recover from faulty application situations. Users can use Windows Task Scheduler to schedule IIS to restart according to predefined parameters.

    1. Open Control Panel.
    2. Select Scheduled Tasks then select Add Scheduled Task.
    3. Click Next for the Scheduled Task Wizard to start.
    4. Click Browse and browse to WindowsSystem32 folder.
    5. Double click IISReset.exe.
    6. Enter a task name and select when the task should run. Click Next.
    7. Enter the Administrator account details that should be utilized to run IISReset. Click Next.
    8. To configure advanced task scheduling properties, click the Advanced checkbox or click Finish.
    9. Open the Properties dialog box of the task just configured and click the Task tab.
    10. Add any additional switches in the Run box.
    11. Click OK.

    How to Use iisweb.vbs to Manage Web sites

    The iisweb.vbs utility is used to list Web sites, create and delete Web sites, and start and stop Web sites in IIS.

    iisweb.vbs has the following main switches:

    • /create, for creating a Web site.
    • /delete, for deleting a Web site.
    • /start, for starting a Web site.
    • /stop, for stopping a Web site.
    • /pause, for pausing a Web site.
    • /query, for troubleshooting a Web site – displaying all the Web sites on the IIS machine.

    To create a Web site, use:

    iisweb[.vbs] /create Path SiteName [/b Port] [/i IPAddress] [/d HostHeader] [/dontstart] [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User [/p Password]]]

    • Path – the physical location to the files for the Web site. When the directory does not exist, the script creates it.
    • SiteName – the name of the new Web site. This is the name that will be displayed in IIS Manager.
    • /b Port – the port on which the new Web site should listen for HTTP requests. The default value is port 80.
    • /i IPAddress – the IP address that must be assigned to the Web site.
    • /d HostHeader – the host header for the new site.
    • /dontstart – used to indicate that IIS should not automatically start the Web site after it is created. IIS by default starts a newly created Web site.
    • /s Computer – used to indicate that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to create the website on the remote computer.
    • /p Password – the password of the account credentials (above).

    To start, stop, delete, or pause a Web site, use:

    iisweb[.vbs] {/delete | /start | /stop | /pause} WebSite [WebSite...] [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User [/p Password]]]

    • WebSite – the name of the website that should be deleted, started, stopped, or paused.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to delete, start, stop, or pause the website on the remote computer.
    • /p Password - the password of the account credentials (above).

    To query websites on IIS servers, use

    iisweb[.vbs] /query [WebSite [WebSite...]] [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User [/p Password]]]

    How to Use iisvdir.vbs to Manage Virtual Directories

    The iisvdir.vbs command can be used to list virtual directories in a specified root to create and delete virtual directories for websites and to query virtual IIS server directories.

    To create a virtual directory for a website, use:

    iisvdir /create WebSite[/VirtualPath] Name PhysicalPath [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User /p Password]]

    • WebSite – the name of the website that the virtual directory will be created for.
    • VirtualPath – the virtual path under which this virtual directory should be created (optional).
    • Name – the name of the new virtual directory.
    • PhysicalPath – the name of physical directory where the virtual directory points.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User- the account credentials that must be used to create the virtual directory for the remote computer.
    • /p Password – the password of the account credentials (above).

    To delete a virtual directory associated with a Web site, use:

    iisvdir /delete WebSite[/VirtualPath] Name [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User/p Password]]

    • WebSite – the name of the Web site that is associated with the virtual directory to be deleted.
    • VirtualPath – the virtual path that holds the virtual directory (optional).
    • Name – the name of the virtual directory to be deleted.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to delete the virtual directory.
    • /p Password – the password of the account credentials (above).

    To query website specific virtual directories on IIS servers, use

    iisvdir /query WebSite[/VirtualPath][/s Computer [/u [Domain] User/p Password]]

    • WebSite – the name of the website that is associated with the virtual directory to be queried.
    • VirtualPath – the virtual path that holds the virtual directory (optional).
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to query for virtual directories.
    • /p Password – the password of the account credentials (above).

    How to Use iisftp.vbs to Manage FTP Sites

    The iisftp.vbs utility performs management tasks from the command line that are specific to managing FTP sites on the IIS servers.

    iisftp.vbs has the following main switches:

    • /create, for creating a FTP site.
    • /delete, for deleting a FTP site.
    • /start, for starting a FTP site.
    • /stop, for stopping a FTP site
    • /query, for troubleshooting a FTP site – displaying all the FTP sites on the IIS machine.
    • /setadprop, for indicating that Active Directory properties should be used for a particular user accessing the FTP site.
    • /getadprop, for obtaining Active Directory properties for the particular user.

    To create an FTP site, use:

    iisftp /create Path SiteName [/b Port] [/i IPAddress] [/dontstart] [/isolation {AD|Local} [/domain DomainName /Admin [Domain]User /AdminPwd Password]] [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User/p Password]]

    • Path, the physical location to the files for the FTP site.
    • SiteName, the name of the new FTP site. This is the name that will be displayed in IIS Manager.
    • /b Port, the port on which the new FTP site should listen for FTP requests. The default value is port 21.
    • /i IPAddress, the IP address that must be assigned to the FTP site.
    • /dontstart, used to indicate that IIS should not automatically start the FTP site after it is created. IIS by default starts all newly created sites.
    • /isolation, used to indicate the isolation mode that should be used.
    • domain, when Active Directory is selected as the isolation mode, this is the domain for Active Directory.
    • admin, when Active Directory is selected as the isolation mode, this is the admin account credentials for Active Directory.
    • AdminPwd, when Active Directory is selected as the isolation mode, this is the password of the admin account for Active Directory (above).
    • /s Computer, used to indicate that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User, the account credentials that must be used to create the FTP site on the remote computer.
    • /p Password, the password of the account credentials (above).

    To start, stop, delete, or pause an FTP site, use:

    iisftp[.vbs] {/delete | /start | /stop | /pause} FTPSite [FTPSite...] [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User [/p Password]]]

    • FTPSite – the name of the FTP site that should be deleted, started, stopped, or paused.
    • /s Computer, used to indicate that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User, the account credentials that must be used to delete, start, stop, or pause the FTP site on the remote computer.
    • /p Password, the password of the account credentials (above).

    To query FTP sites on the IIS servers, use

    iisftp[.vbs] /query [FTPSite [FTPSite...]] [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User [/p Password]]]

    To use /setadprop, and /getadprop use,

    iisftp /SetADProp UserID {FTPDir|FTPRoot} PropertyValue [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User/p Password]]

    iisftp /GetADProp UserID [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User /p Password]]

    • UserID – the Active Directory user login ID.
    • FTPDir – indicates whether the modification is applicable at the directory level or at the root level.
    • PropertyValue – indicates the home directory and relative path.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used for remote administration.
    • /p Password – the password of the account credentials (above).

    How to Use iisftpdr.vbs to Manage Virtual Directories

    The iisftpdr.vbs command can be used to list virtual directories in a specified root and to create and delete virtual directories in FTP sites from the command line.

    To create a virtual directory for an FTP site, use:

    iisftpdr /create FTPSite[VirtualPath] Name PhysicalPath [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User /p Password]]

    • FTPSite – the name of the FTP site that the virtual directory will be created for.
    • VirtualPath – the virtual path under which this virtual directory should be created (optional).
    • Name – the name of the new virtual directory.
    • PhysicalPath – the name of physical directory where the virtual directory points.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to create the virtual directory on the remote computer.
    • /p Password – the password of the account credentials (above).

    To delete a virtual directory associated with an FTP site, use:

    iisftpdr /delete FTPSite[VirtualPath]/Name [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User /p Password]]

    • FTPSite – the FTP site associated with the virtual directory to be deleted.
    • VirtualPath – the virtual path that holds the virtual directory (optional).
    • Name – the name of the virtual directory to be deleted.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to delete the virtual directory.
    • /p Password – the password of the account credentials (above).

    To query FTP specific virtual directories on IIS servers, use

    iisftpdr /query FTPSite[/VirtualPath][/s Computer [/u [Domain]User/p Password]]

    • FTPSite – the name of the FTP site associated with the virtual directory¬† to be queried.
    • VirtualPath – the virtual path that holds the virtual directory (optional).
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to query for virtual directories remotely.
    • /p Password – the password of the user account (above).

    How to Use iiscnfg.vbs to Manage IIS from the Command Line

    Users can use iiscnfg.vbs to import and export IIS configurations settings of the metabase as XML files.

    To export IIS configuration settings, use:

    iiscnfg /export /f [Path]FileName.xml /sp SourcePath [/d EncryptingPassword] [/inherited] [/children] [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User [/p Password]]]

    • /f [Path]FileName.xml – the name of the XML file that the configuration settings should be exported to.
    • /sp SourcePath – the node of the metabase configuration settings.
    • /d EncryptingPassword – the XML file’s password.
    • /inherited – indicates that all inherited information should be exported.
    • /children – indicates that node subkeys should be exported.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to run the script.
    • /p Password – the password of the account credentials (above).

    To import IIS configuration settings, use:

    iiscnfg /import /f [Path]FileName.xml /sp SourcePath /dp DestinationPath [/d EncryptingPassword] [/inherited] [/children] [/merge][/s Computer [/u [Domain]User [/p Password]]]

    • /f [Path]FileName.xml – the name of the XML file that should be used to import IIS configuration settings to the server.
    • /sp SourcePath – the node of the XML file.
    • /dp DestinationPath – the destination node path in the metabase.
    • /d EncryptingPassword – the XML file’s password.
    • /inherited – indicates that all inherited information should be imported. This can only occur when the source node has properties that can be inherited.
    • /children – indicates that node subkeys should be imported.
    • /merge – merges different source keys to one metabase key through this value.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to run the script.
    • /p Password – the password of the user account (above).

    To copy the metabase.xml file and metabase XML file to a different IIS server, use:

    iiscnfg /copy /ts TargetComputer /tu TargetUser /tp TargetPassword [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User [/p Password]]]

    • /ts TargetComputer – the name or IP address of the IIS computer to which these configuration settings should be copied.
    • tu TargetUser – the user account for logging onto the target computer.
    • tp TargetPassword – the password of the account provided above.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to run the script remotely.
    • /p Password – the password of the account (above).

    To immediately save configuration changes to the metabase, use:

    iiscnfg /save [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User /p Password]]

    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to run the script.
    • /p Password – the password of the account (above).

    How to Use iisback.vbs to Back Up IIS Configuration Settings and Restore IIS Configurations

    Use iisback.vbs to back up and restore IIS configuration settings from the command line.

    To back up IIS configuration settings, use:

    iisback /backup [/b BackupName] [/v {Integer | HIGHEST_VERSION | NEXT_VERSION}] [/overwrite] [/e EncryptingPassword] [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User/p Password]]

    • /b BackupName, the name of the back up.
    • /v {Integer}, possible values are HIGHEST_VERSION or NEXT_VERSION. HIGHEST_VERSION creates a backup of the highest version number. The HIGHEST_VERSION value has to be utilized with /overwrite. NEXT_VERSION increments the existing version number by one.
    • /overwrite – overwrites a current backup.
    • /e EncryptingPassword – enables password encryption for the backup.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to create backups for the remote computer.
    • /p Password – the password of the account credentials (above).

    To restore IIS configuration settings, use:

    iisback /restore /b BackupName [/v {Integer | HIGHEST_VERSION}] [/e EncryptionPassword] [/s Computer [/u [Domain]Userp Password]]

    • /b BackupName – the name of the backup file to be restored.
    • /v {Integer}, possible values are HIGHEST_VERSION or NEXT_VERSION.
    • /e EncryptingPassword – the password for the backup.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to restore the backup file for the remote computer.
    • /p Password – the password of the account (above).

    To list all IIS backups for an IIS server, use:

    iisback /list [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User/p Password]]

    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to list all backups for the remote computer.
    • /p Password – the password of the account credentials (above).

    To delete an IIS backup, use:

    iisback /delete [/bBackupName] [/v {Integer | HIGHEST_VERSION}] [/s Computer [/u [Domain]User /p Password]]

    • /bBackupName – the name of the backup file to be deleted.
    • /v {Integer}, possible values are HIGHEST_VERSION or NEXT_VERSION.
    • /s Computer – indicates that the script should run on this remote computer. The local computer is used by default.
    • /u [Domain]User – the account credentials that must be used to delete the backup file for the remote computer.
    • /p Password – the password of the account credentials (above).

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