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    • Overloading Binary Operators

      Overloading Binary Operators

      Binary operators can be overloaded in a similar manner as unary operators. We should note the following features of an operator function for a binary operator: It receives only one class type argument explicitly, in case of a member function. For a friend function, two class types are received as arguments. It returns a class

    • Format String Vulnerability

      Format String Vulnerability

      To understand what a format string vulnerability is, you first need to know what a format string is. A format string is a way of telling the C compiler how it should format numbers when it prints them. Format Strings in C In the C programming language there are a number of functions which accept

    • Java Operators

      Java Operators

      Java Operator Operator Description [ ] Array index () Method call . Member access ++ Prefix or postfix increment — Prefix or postfix decrement + – Unary plus, minus ~ Bitwise NOT ! Boolean (logical) NOT (type) Type cast new Object creation * / % Multiplication, division, remainder + – Addition, subtraction + String concatenation

    • Java

      Java

      Java was originally developed as an implementation of a programming language that would compile and complete its directive functions regardless of platform and language version. It was developed by James Gosling, a software developer employed by Sun Microsystems in June of 1991, whom released the first version of Java in 1995. The language is designed

    • Traversing and Searching a Linear Linked List

      Traversing and Searching a Linear Linked List

      Traversing a list A linear list can be traversed in two ways In order traversal Reverse order traversal In order Traversal To traverse the linear linked list, we walk the list using the pointers, and process each element until we reach the last element. .cf { font-family: Lucida Console; font-size: 9pt; color: black; background: white;

    • Type Conversion – Basic to Class Type

      Type Conversion – Basic to Class Type

      The conversion from basic to user defined data types can be done using constructors. Consider the following constructor: .cf { font-family: Lucida Console; font-size: 9pt; color: black; background: white; } .cl { margin: 0px; } .cb1 { color: green; } .cb2 { color: blue; } .cb3 { color: maroon; }   String :: String(char *a)

    • How to Declare a Constant in Java

      How to Declare a Constant in Java

      Java does not directly support constants. However, a static final variable is effectively a constant. The static modifier causes the variable to be available without loading an instance of the class where it is defined. The final modifier causes the variable to be unchangeable. Ex: public static final int FOUNDING_YEAR = 2001; Naming Standards for

    • Address Calculation Sort

      In this method, a function fn() is applied to each key. The result of this function determines into which of the several sub-files the record is to be placed. The function should have the property that x <= y, fn (x) <= fn (y). Such a function is called order preserving. Thus all of the

    • Algorithm

      Algorithm

      The term algorithm is used in a variety of fields, including mathematics, computer programming, and linguistics. Its most well-accepted definition is something that consists of a finite list of instructions (which are well defined) that can be used to accomplish a task. Basically, when an algorithm is given some initial state, it will use the

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