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    • Firmware


      We all use electronic devices, whether they are mobile phones, computer routers, MP3 players, cable boxes, etc. These electronic devices include hardware, the physical electronic components and software, programs that help these components run effectively. Firmware is a mix of both. Firmware Firmware is usually defined as a type of program that runs within an

    • What is a Hydrophone?

      What is a Hydrophone?

      A hydrophone is a type of microphone that is specifically designed to be used under water. Hydrophones depend on piezoelectric transducers to detect sound waves and other pressure waves coming from underwater vehicles, animals, and natural structures. Hydrophones were widely used in World War I, and II to detect U-boats (German submarines) and are still

    • How to Change BIOS Settings

      How to Change BIOS Settings

      The Basic Input Output system (BIOS) is a type of software that provides an interface between the hardware components of a computer and its operating system. It is usually stored in a Read Only Memory (ROM) chip. As it is stored in a ROM chip, its contents can never be erased and can be accessed

    • How to Convert DVI-D to VGA

      How to Convert DVI-D to VGA

      VGA (Video Graphics Array) is a hardware specification for display monitors and computers that allows a computer to display applications on a VGA-based monitor via a VGA cable. VGA technology is one of the oldest forms of display hardware in computing and is outfitted in virtually every computer system in the world. VGA uses analog

    • SMBus


      SMBus stands for System Management Bus, a simple two wire bus used in devices such as a computer motherboard for communication, mostly on low bandwidth devices. The SMBus was developed by Intel in 1995. One of the main duties of a SMBus is carry clock, data, and instructions from the motherboard to the device. It

    • SPDIF


      SPDIF, or the Sony/Philips Digital Interconnect Format) is used to carry or transport digital audio signals in consumer electronic equipment such as CD and DVD players, PC audio cards, and car audio systems over short distances. The digital signal can be carried over fiber optic (TOSLINK connectors) or coaxial cable (RCA connectors) and is also

    • What is an LPAR?

      What is an LPAR?

      LPAR (Logical Partitioning) is a way of subdividing all of a computer’s resources, including the memory, storage, and processors, and splitting them up into smaller logical units that can each be run as a separate part of the operating system (OS). In order for LPAR to be implemented, it requires the computer to have specialized

    • Motherboard


      The motherboard is the most essential component in a personal computer. It is the piece of hardware that contains the computer’s micro-processing chip and everything attached to it is vital to making the computer run. The term “mainboard” is also sometimes used to refer to the motherboard . Motherboard Components The motherboard is the flat,

    • DNA Computer

      DNA Computer

      DNA computers will be the next-generation computers made of genes' building blocks. Because of their speed, miniaturization and data storage potential DNA computers are being considered as a replacement for silicon-based computers. Current DNA computer research has already proven that DNA computers are capable of solving complex mathematical equations and storing enormous amounts of data.

    • PATA (Parallel ATA)

      PATA (Parallel ATA)

      PATA is an abbreviation for Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment. It is a regular interface that is used within PCs to connect all kinds of storage devices like hard disks, CD or DVD drives and solid state disks to the motherboard. The PATA interface connector is made up of thirty four pins and is connected to

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