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    • Wireless Mesh Network

      Wireless Mesh Network

      A wireless mesh network relies on radio signals to allow several devices within a coverage area to communicate with each other. Wireless mesh networks are often used in conjunction with other networks in order to give users reliability and stability. This is because wireless mesh networks communicate with each other through any device within the

    • What is the Function of SerDes?

      What is the Function of SerDes?

      SerDes (pronounced sir-dees) stands for Serializer/Deserializer. It is a set of blocks that is commonly found in high speed communications. SerDes’ general purpose is to compensate for limited input/output. The blocks can convert data between serial data and interfaces that are parallel in different directions. Functions of SerDes The generic function is made up of

    • HSCSD (High Speed Circuit Switched Data)

      HSCSD (High Speed Circuit Switched Data)

      Fixed/Mobile Mobile Circuit/Packet Circuit Max Bandwidth 57.6Kb Range Coverage area of host network Frequency Frequency of host network Host Network GSM Definer ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) URL http://www.etsi.org/ HSCSD (High Speed Circuit Switched Data) is a specification for data transfer over GSM networks. HSCSD utilizes up to four 9.6Kb or 14.4Kb time slots, for

    • TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol)

      TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol)

      TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) is part of a draft standard from the IEEE 802.11i working group. TKIP utilizes the RC4 stream cipher with 128-bit keys for encryption and 64-bit keys for authentication. TKIP is an enhancement to WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) security. TKIP enhances WEP by adding a per-packet key mixing function to de-correlate

    • What is a QSIG?

      What is a QSIG?

      QSIG is a signaling protocol that is  based on ISDN. It communicates signals between private branch exchanges (PBXs) within a Private Integrated Services Network (PISN) using the application-level ROSE and connection-level Q9.31 protocols. QSIG uses ISDN as the physical link layer in the exchanges and is often used in enterprise voice or integrated service networks.

    • Ethernet at the Physical Layer

      Ethernet at the Physical Layer

      Ethernet is the most popular Local Area Network architecture that was jointly developed by Digital Equipment Corporation, Intel Corporation and Xerox Corporation. It consists of certain specifications and standards as well as hardware devices and components. Ethernet provides services corresponding to physical layer and data link layer of the OSI reference model. Each Ethernet physical

    • ISAKMP


      ISAKMP (Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol) is a protocol for establishing Security Associations (SA) and cryptographic keys in a internet environment. ISAKMP defines the procedures for authenticating a communicating peer, creation and management of Security Associations, key generation techniques, and threat mitigation (e.g. denial of service and replay attacks). ISAKMP typically utilizes IKE

    • How to Reset a Belkin Router

      How to Reset a Belkin Router

      Belkin brand routers are capable of a hardware reset if there are any problems with the current settings or if access to the router has been disabled inadvertently. The hardware reset function can be performed on Belkin routers by following these steps: Note: Resetting a Belkin router will remove all of the current settings and

    • Cisco Switch Commands

      Cisco Switch Commands

      Cisco IOS software is installed in the manageable Cisco switches for better LAN management. It delivers network services and enabled networked applications. The Cisco IOS has a command line interface that helps users to execute the Cisco IOS commands. Cisco Switch Commands The Cisco switch IOS has different EXEC modes with distinctive prompts. These modes

    • – What Are its Uses and Why is it Important? – What Are its Uses and Why is it Important? is a private IP address commonly used by the SMC and Belkin router manufacturers for device setup and troubleshooting. SMC and Belkin specialize in manufacturing home networking equipment that competes with Netgear, D-Link, and Linksys brands in the marketplace. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) does not grant exclusive use of the IP address

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