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    • IKE (Internet Key Exchange)

      IKE (Internet Key Exchange)

      The term Internet Key Exchange refers to the networking protocol that designed to configure a SA (security association) within the IPsec protocol suite of applications. Internet Key Exchange (or IKE) is constructed on top of ISAKMP and the Oakley protocol and is often used in the VPN tunneling process. X.509 certificates are used for authentication

    • What is Intersymbol Interference?

      What is Intersymbol Interference?

      Intersymbol interference is a signal distortion in telecommunication. One or more symbols can interfere with other symbols causing noise or a less reliable signal. The main causes of intersymbol interference are multipath propagation or non-linear frequency in channels. This has the effect of a blur or mixture of symbols, which can reduce signal clarity. If

    • What is a TFTP Server?

      What is a TFTP Server?

      A Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) server is based on a simple Fire Transfer Protocol (FTP) that was first defined in 1980. TFTP books routers and other computers that do not have storage devices. It also transfers small files between two or more computer network hosts such as a transfer initiated on a remote X

    • 9 to 25 Pin Serial Adapter Pinout

      9 to 25 Pin Serial Adapter Pinout

      This adapter will enable you to connect a 25 pin male serial cable to a 9 pin female serial connector on your computer. 9 pin female connector 25 pin male connector 9-Pin to 25-Pin Adapter Pinout Signal 9-Pin 25-Pin Carrier Detect 1 8 Receive Data 2 3 Transmit Data 3 2 Data Terminal Ready 4

    • Wireless Routers

      Wireless Routers

      A wireless router is a wireless device that connects one computer or a whole network to another computer or network. It is possible to have a wireless network in a home or office. Travelers definitely come across wireless networks at most international airports. A wireless router, which is responsible for sending information from one computer

    • Cannot Find Server

      Cannot Find Server

      Using a internet browser is very commonplace nowadays. Unfortunately, a “cannot find server” error code may interrupt the user’s website visit. This is not only frustrating for Microsoft Internet Explorer users, but for Opera, Safari, Firefox, and other web browser users. Finding and fixing the cause of this error is very important, as web users

    • How Does WiFi Work?

      How Does WiFi Work?

      Over the past decade, WiFi/wireless networking has become very popular. Low cost and simplicity are some of the reasons why WiFi is so popular. Today,  it is almost impossible to buy a laptop that doesn’t have a wireless card built into the screen, which is why WiFi’s popularity continues to grow. What Does WiFi Stand For?

    • Wireless Mesh Network

      Wireless Mesh Network

      A wireless mesh network relies on radio signals to allow several devices within a coverage area to communicate with each other. Wireless mesh networks are often used in conjunction with other networks in order to give users reliability and stability. This is because wireless mesh networks communicate with each other through any device within the

    • FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

      FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

      FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is the generic term for a group of computer programs aimed at facilitating the transfer of files or data from one computer to another. It originated in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the early 1970s when mainframes, dumb terminals and time-sharing were the standard. Although the FTP programs have

    • ISDN PRI

      ISDN PRI

      A PRI (Primary Rate Interface) is a telecommunication standard used in the Integrated Services Digital Network or ISDN for carrying multiple DS0 voice and data transmissions between two physical locations. PRI was developed specifically for industrial or large quantity users. It is an industrial ISDN line, while the Basic Rate Interface, or BRI, caters to

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