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    • QoS (Quality of Service)

      QoS (Quality of Service)

      QoS stands for Quality of Service. QoS is a generic name for a set of algorithms which attempt to provide different levels of quality to different types of network traffic. Queuing One method of implementing QoS is to utilize some sort of advanced queuing algorithm. Simple networks process traffic with a FIFO (First In –

    • UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair)

      UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair)

      UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) is a regular copper wire that joins many home and many business computers to the telephone company. UTP is the most common form of twisted pair wiring, because it is less expensive and easier to work with than STP (Shielded Twisted Pair). It is used in Ethernet 10Base-T and 100Base-T networks

    • CSMA/CD


      CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple Access / Collision Detection) is the protocol used in Ethernet networks to ensure that only one network node is transmitting on the network wire at any one time. Carrier Sense means that every Ethernet device listens to the Ethernet wire before it attempts to transmit. If the Ethernet device senses that

    • 502 Proxy Error

      502 Proxy Error

      While surfing the Internet, if an end-user encounters a 502 proxy error, he or she will not be able to view the desired web page. The error message is commonly encountered when accessing websites through a proxy server. The problem is typically caused for one of two reasons: 1 – The Internet Security and Acceleration

    • Ethernet Cabling

      Ethernet Cabling

      Ethernet is a media access method that is specified at the Data Link layer and uses specific Physical layer cabling and signalling techniques. It is important to be able to differentiate between the types of connectors that can be used to connect an Ethernet network together. I'll discuss the different unshielded twisted-pair cabling used today

    • ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)

      ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)

      ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) is a system of digital phone connections that has been designed for sending voice, video, and data simultaneously over digital or ordinary phone lines, with a much faster speed and higher quality than an analog system can provide. ISDN is basically a set of protocol for making and breaking circuit

    • DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing)

      DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing)

      DWDM stands for Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing. DWDM is a technology used to increase the capacity of fiber optics that results in faster transfers of data. What are fiber optics? Fiber optics are very thin and small fibers that are used to transmit data and light throughout a computer and network. How does DWDM affect

    • What is ZigBee?

      What is ZigBee?

      ZigBee is a wireless protocol that was developed as an International standard to enable wireless, machine to machine communication, and networks. It is considered the catalyst for constructing “Smart” enabled buildings and homes since it is based on reliable network communications, a pro-longed battery life, and can be simply operated. The ZigBee Alliance is the

    • Cat 3

      Cat 3

      Cat 3, short for Category 3, is a UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) cable designed to carry voice and data up to 10 Mbps (mega bits per second), with possible transmission frequencies up to 16 MHz. Cat 3 cable is part of a family of copper cabling standards defined jointly by the Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)

    • 802.1Q


      802.1Q is also known as IEEE 802.1Q or VLAN tagging. It defines a virtual local area network. It is a protocol that allows virtual LANs to communicate with one another using a 3-layered router. It was developed as a part of IEEE 802. Why Was The 802.1Q Standard Developed? Large networks use up a lot

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