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    • FCC ID

      FCC ID

      FCC ID stands for Federal Communications Commission Identification. An FCC ID is the number found in all computer hardware components. FCC ID numbers, usually found on the circuit boards, are helpful in finding information about the manufacturers of the hardware devices. An FCC ID has 2 elements. The first is a three-character Grantee Code which

    • Police Scanner Codes

      Police Scanner Codes

      A police scanner is basically a radio scanner that is also a receiver that receives wireless radio signals. A scanner identifies these wireless radio waves. A scanner can identify numerous radio signals and bands concurrently making it easy to keep track of many channels simultaneously. The phrase “police scanner” derives from the fact that the

    • C Band

      C Band

      C Band is the original frequency allocation for communications satellites. C-Band uses 3.7-4.2GHz for downlink and 5.925-6.425Ghz for uplink. The lower frequencies that C Band uses perform better under adverse weather conditions than the Ku band or Ka band frequencies. C Band Variants Slight C Band frequency variations are approved for use in various parts

    • GMRS (General Mobile Radio Service)

      GMRS (General Mobile Radio Service)

      GMRS (General Mobile Radio Service) is a licensed radio service. GMRS consists of 16 UHF channels on FM, plus 7 channels that are shared with FRS. The maximum allowable power for a GMRS radio is 50 watts. The GMRS channels which are shared with FRS are limited to 5 watts of power. The use of

    • Circulators

      Circulators

      A circulator is a box-shaped ferrite device that has three or four ports and allows energy from one port to transfer to the next port in line. Circulators are usually used with radio signals but can also be used with microwaves, light, and other electromagnetic waves. This means that a radio signal that is being

    • dBm

      dBm

      dBm is the standard unit of measure for levels of power based on a one milliwatt (mW) reference signal. The dBm measurement is very similar to dB (decibel); however, dB is a relative measure of the power of an input signal while dBm is always an absolute value based on a single milliwatt. If there

    • Dielectric

      Dielectric

      A dielectric is a material that restricts the flow of current. Dielectrics are defined by their dielectric constant, current leakage, and breakdown voltage. They are mainly used in capacitors, allowing charge to build up on the conductive plates. An insulator is a dielectric than can withstand a high electric field without letting current flow through

    • Backward Error Correction (BEC)

      Backward Error Correction (BEC)

      Backward Error Correction, also known as an “Automatic Repeat Request” is an error correction technique in which a receiving device sends a request to the source device to re-send information. Backward Error Correction is used in situations where some of the transmitted data has been lost or corrupted during transit and the transmitting device must

    • Alternator

      Alternator

      An alternator turns mechanical energy into electrical energy, in the form of alternating current. It is a type of generator, most commonly used by automobiles to power their electrical systems. They are usually mounted on the side of the internal combustion engine. How Alternators Work An alternator consists of a rotor, stator, rectifier, housing, and

    • S Band

      S Band

      S band is a frequency range from approximately 2 to 4 GHz. S band is used for Digital Audio Radio Satellite (DARS) satellite radio systems such as Sirius XM Satellite Radio.  Sirius XM uses frequencies between 2,320.00 and 2,332.50 MHz, and also between 2,332.50 and 2,345.00 MHz. S band is also used by many weather,

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