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    • Cell Phone Signal Boosters

      Cell Phone Signal Boosters

      Cell phone signal boosters (or cellular repeaters) are bidirectional amplifiers designed to boost the mobile phone reception using internal signal amplifiers, reception antennas and rebroadcast antennas. External antennas collect good cellular signal, and then it is transmitted to an amplifier, which retransmits the signal locally. This process results in much better signal. Rural areas often

    • Telephone Network Interface Device

      Telephone Network Interface Device

      The telephone Network Interface Device (NID) is what connects your home telephone lines to the telephone company’s network. It is usually a small gray box located on the exterior of your home. It usually contains a modular phone plug that you can use for testing the line. They need both inside testing and outside testing.

    • 66 block

      66 block

      A 66 block is a punch-down block used to connect wiring for telephone systems and other low-speed low-voltage wiring applications. A punch-down tool is used to force solid wire into metal slots on the 66 block. The 25-pair standard non-split 66 Block encloses 50 rows; each row has four columns of clips that are electrically

    • How to Make a Lineman’s Handset

      How to Make a Lineman’s Handset

      This is the “right hand” of both the professional and the amateur lineman. Basically, it is a customized portable telephone which is designed to be hooked onto raw cable terminals in the field and used to monitor the line, talk, or dial out. The monitor function is usually the main difference between the “butt-in” test

    • Cell Phone Cloning

      Cell Phone Cloning

      Cell phone cloning refers to the act of copying the identity of one mobile telephone to another. This is usually done to make fraudulent telephone calls. The bill for the calls go to the legitimate subscriber. This made cloning very popular in areas with large immigrant populations, where the cost to “call home” was very

    • CLEC (Competitive Local Exchange Carrier)

      CLEC (Competitive Local Exchange Carrier)

      A CLEC, or Competitive Local Exchange Carrier, is a type of telecommunications provider that was formed after the breakup of AT&T. CLECs are usually smaller telecommunications providers that compete with ILECs, or Incumbent Local Exchange Carriers, which were already in place before AT&T’s separation. While CLECs generally provide the same services as ILECS for less,

    • Phone Phreaking

      Phone Phreaking

      Phone phreaking is the act of gaining illegal access to resources of telecom networks for fun or malicious activity. Before computer hacking took over, phreaking was the dominant underground tech activity. Some phone phreakers just wanted to understand how telecom infrastructure worked. Others wanted to make free long distance phone calls. As voice and data

    • Ground Start

      Ground Start

      What is Ground Start? Ground Start or GST is a signaling technique for telephony from a terminal, or a subscriber local loop, to a telephone exchange in which a party gets a dial tone by momentarily grounding one side of a (telephone) circuit. The Ring side of a wire pair is usually the side that

    • POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service)

      POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service)

      POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service), also known as PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Service), refers to the dominant telephone service in most residential and small business environments. A telephone company controls POTS, which allows consumers to make and receive calls on one line at a time. POTS differs from PBX, T-1, T-3, ISDN, VOIP, and other

    • Computer Telephony Integration (CTI)

      Computer Telephony Integration (CTI)

      Computer Telephony Integration (CTI) is a set of technologies for integrating and managing the communication or interaction between computers and telephone systems. CTI functionality falls into two general categories: CTI enables the computer user to control their telephone system CTI enables the telephone system to display information via the computer A user with a CTI-enabled

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