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    • How to Change my PIN and PUK

      How to Change my PIN and PUK

      A PIN, or Personal Identification Number, is a number that is used on some SIM cards to prevent unauthorized use of the cell phone it is located in. PINs are not used by all SIM cards and may need to be setup before they can be used. A PIN is generally between 4 and 8

    • How to Add Ring Tones to my BlackBerry

      How to Add Ring Tones to my BlackBerry

      Owning a Blackberry enables its owners to do much more than they could ever accomplish with a basic cell phone. However, one of the most popular features that have carried over from basic cell phone to the BlackBerry is the ability to add ring tones. In earlier models adding ring tones to your Blackberry was

    • TL1 (Transaction Language 1)

      TL1 (Transaction Language 1)

      TL1 (Transaction Language 1) is an element management protocol used primarily in the telecommunications industry. TL1 was designed by Bellcore (now Telecordia) in 1984 for use with its OSS (Operations Support System), NMA. TL1 is an MML (Man Machine Language), which means that TL1 messages should be readable and writeable by humans as well as

    • Smartphone

      Smartphone

      A smartphone is a mobile phone with a considerably greater amount of functionality than an ordinary mobile phone or a feature phone. Smartphones can be considered a blend between a mobile phone and a full featured mobile computer, similar to the PDAs (Personal Digital Assistants) of the past, but even more capable. They typically include

    • NAM: Number Assignment Module

      NAM: Number Assignment Module

      The NAM (Number Assignment Module) is the EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory) in a mobile telephone which holds information such as the MIN (or MDN) and SIDH.  The data fields stored in a phone’s NAM vary between the various mobile telephone specifications, such as AMPS/NAMPS, GSM, PCS, CMDA.  In modern networks, NAMs can be reprogrammed

    • How to Block Caller-ID

      How to Block Caller-ID

      Always test as much as possible before relying on any technique to block Caller-ID. Some of these methods to block Caller-ID work in some areas, but not in others. Block Caller-ID For a Single Call Using a LASS Code Dial *67 before you dial the number. (141 in the United Kingdom) Block Caller-ID On All

    • MTSO: Mobile Telephone Switching Office

      MTSO: Mobile Telephone Switching Office

      The Mobile Telephone Switching Office, or MTSO, is a system that automatically keeps track of a cell phone user’s relative signal by monitoring readings from cell phone towers near the user. MTSO systems also automatically switch a cell phone’s service from one cell phone tower to another depending on which tower will provide the user

    • Telephone Network Interface Device

      Telephone Network Interface Device

      The telephone Network Interface Device (NID) is what connects your home telephone lines to the telephone company’s network. It is usually a small gray box located on the exterior of your home. It usually contains a modular phone plug that you can use for testing the line. They need both inside testing and outside testing.

    • CLLI Codes

      CLLI Codes

      CLLI codes, or Common Language Location Identifier, pronounced “silly codes”, are codes used by telecommunication companies to identify specific industry equipment. CLLI codes are 11 characters long, may be comprised of a combination of letters and numbers, and are used by all telecommunication companies in North America. While CLLI codes were first created and used

    • CNAM (Calling NAMe)

      CNAM (Calling NAMe)

      CNAM (“Calling NAMe”) is an Intelligent Network (IN) service that displays a caller’s name on a digital readout. It is very similar to caller ID except that both the caller’s name and the calling number are displayed on the receiving end of the phone call. This feature only works if the person or organization being

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