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    • How to Dial International Phone Numbers

      How to Dial International Phone Numbers

      With the expansion of Voice over IP and cellular phone technologies over the past decade, it has never been more cheaper to call international phone numbers. A common barrier for consumers trying to call friends, family, or business contacts that live abroad is determining how to dial international phone numbers from your country. International Dialing 

    • InterLATA

      InterLATA

      An InterLATA or long distance call refers to a telephone call made between two separate LATAs. LATA (Local Access and Transport Area) is a term used to describe the area that a local telephone company manages. Markets, rather than geographical areas, define LATAs. Therefore, LATAs can cross over state borders and use multiple area codes.

    • Caller-ID

      Caller-ID

      Calling Number Delivery (CND), better known as Caller ID, is a telephone service intended for residential and small business customers. It allows the called Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) to receive a calling party's directory number and the date and time of the call during the first 4 second silent interval in the ringing cycle. Caller-ID

    • DTMF (Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency)

      DTMF (Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency)

      DTMF tones, or Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency signaling, are audible tones that are used by touch-tone telephones to identify which number key was pushed by the operator. DTMF tones have been used since 1963 and are used by all standard touch-tone telephones in the United States as well as in many other countries around the world. DTMF

    • NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System)

      NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System)

      NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) is a standard for telephony equipment. NEBS was developed in the 1970's by Bell Labs (now Telcordia). Many equipment vendors build their equipment to NEBS standards, even when they do not intend for their equipment to be placed in a Central Office. Equipment vendors do this because compliance with the NEBS

    • Telephone Network Interface Device

      Telephone Network Interface Device

      The telephone Network Interface Device (NID) is what connects your home telephone lines to the telephone company’s network. It is usually a small gray box located on the exterior of your home. It usually contains a modular phone plug that you can use for testing the line. They need both inside testing and outside testing.

    • Red Box

      Red Box

      When a coin is inserted into a payphone, the payphone emits a set of tones to ACTS (Automated Coin Toll System). Red boxes work by fooling ACTS into believing you have actually put money into the phone. The red box simply plays the ACTS tones into the telephone microphone. ACTS hears those tones, and allows

    • Cell Phone Signal Boosters

      Cell Phone Signal Boosters

      Cell phone signal boosters (or cellular repeaters) are bidirectional amplifiers designed to boost the mobile phone reception using internal signal amplifiers, reception antennas and rebroadcast antennas. External antennas collect good cellular signal, and then it is transmitted to an amplifier, which retransmits the signal locally. This process results in much better signal. Rural areas often

    • How to Update the Blackberry OS

      How to Update the Blackberry OS

      The BlackBerry OS is deployed on mobile devices used in 91 countries across more than 500 service operators. Research In Motion (RIM) developed the operating system since 1999, which allows mobile devices to act as both digital assistants and portable media players depending on the type of device purchased. A common task that arises for

    • Ground Start

      Ground Start

      What is Ground Start? Ground Start or GST is a signaling technique for telephony from a terminal, or a subscriber local loop, to a telephone exchange in which a party gets a dial tone by momentarily grounding one side of a (telephone) circuit. The Ring side of a wire pair is usually the side that

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