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    • What is MiFi?

      What is MiFi?

      MiFi stands for “My Wi-Fi” or “Mobile Wi-Fi”, and represents a line of relatively small wireless routers developed by Novatel Wireless, which turn a mobile broadband internet connection into a Wi-Fi hotspot. These hotspots support up to 5 Wi-Fi enabled devices within a range of 10 meters. This means that any Wi-Fi enabled device, from

    • TL1 (Transaction Language 1)

      TL1 (Transaction Language 1)

      TL1 (Transaction Language 1) is an element management protocol used primarily in the telecommunications industry. TL1 was designed by Bellcore (now Telecordia) in 1984 for use with its OSS (Operations Support System), NMA. TL1 is an MML (Man Machine Language), which means that TL1 messages should be readable and writeable by humans as well as

    • IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity)

      IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity)

      Each GSM and UMTS mobile phone has a unique IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) number. An IMEI number facilitates an important function – it easily identifies a mobile phone being used on a GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) network. The IMEI is a useful tool to stop a stolen phone from accessing a network

    • The History of Cell Phones

      The History of Cell Phones

      Cell phone technology¬† is based on radio technology that was developed from the 1940’s onward. For instance, the beginning of cell phones can be traced to the innovation in taxi cabs, police cars, and other service vehicles where two way radios allowed taxi drivers or police officers to communicate with one another or with a

    • CNA Number

      CNA Number

      CNA stands for Customer Name and Address. The CNA number is a phone number for telephone company personnel to call and get the name and address for a phone number. If a telephone lineman finds a phone line he does not recognize, he can use the ANAC Number to find its phone number and then

    • Milliwatt Test Line

      Milliwatt Test Line

      A “Milliwatt (102 Type) Test Line” is a signal generated from an Access Service Provider end office to the customer’s location for the purposes of transmission measurement, that is, testing the line quality and loss of transmission. The generated signal is a 1004 Hz tone at 0 dBm, which is the equivalent of 1 milliwatt

    • Who Invented the Cell Phone?

      Who Invented the Cell Phone?

      Dr. Martin Cooper is the person credited with both inventing the modern cell phone as well as making the first cell phone call in New York City, New York in April 1973. A related invention is the cave radio phone invented by Nathan Stubblefield who was awarded a patent for the idea in the early

    • War Dialing

      War Dialing

      War dialing, also called scanning, is dialing a large number of telephone numbers in the hope of finding anything interesting. Interesting items often include test tones, computers, Voice Mail Boxes (VMB's), Private Branch Exchanges (PBX's), and government offices. A common technique is to find one telephone number owned by a target and then to war

    • CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)

      CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)

      Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) is a channel transmission standard that allows several transmitters to send information simultaneously over a single communication channel. This ensures that the available bandwidth is used in an optimized manner. It is a form of multiplexing and is used for wireless communication. Radio communication makes use of two resources: frequency

    • LATA (Local Access and Transport Area)

      LATA (Local Access and Transport Area)

      A LATA (Local Access and Transport Area) is a geographical and administrative area that is the responsibility of an LEC (Local Exchange Carrier). It is an expression used in U.S. telecommunications law. LATA borders are outlined around markets, and not essentially along present state, province, or even area code borders. Several LATAs traverse over state

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