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    • Ground Start

      Ground Start

      What is Ground Start? Ground Start or GST is a signaling technique for telephony from a terminal, or a subscriber local loop, to a telephone exchange in which a party gets a dial tone by momentarily grounding one side of a (telephone) circuit. The Ring side of a wire pair is usually the side that

    • POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service)

      POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service)

      POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service), also known as PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Service), refers to the dominant telephone service in most residential and small business environments. A telephone company controls POTS, which allows consumers to make and receive calls on one line at a time. POTS differs from PBX, T-1, T-3, ISDN, VOIP, and other

    • How to Dial a DSN Number

      How to Dial a DSN Number

      DSN stands for the Defense Switched Network which is a global phone service used by the United States government capable of both non-secure and secure communications. Traditionally, the DSN network has only been used for voice communications, but in the past decade data and video service have been incorporated into the network through Integrated Services

    • Red Box

      Red Box

      When a coin is inserted into a payphone, the payphone emits a set of tones to ACTS (Automated Coin Toll System). Red boxes work by fooling ACTS into believing you have actually put money into the phone. The red box simply plays the ACTS tones into the telephone microphone. ACTS hears those tones, and allows

    • How to Restore a Blackberry to Factory Settings

      How to Restore a Blackberry to Factory Settings

      A Blackberry is a “smartphone” that integrates a phone, media player, email client, web browser, camera, and personal digital assistant (PDA) in a single device. It has many purposes and allows users to perform a number of tasks such as creating notes, accessing the Internet, and scheduling events. Blackberry phones represent over 14% of the

    • Tip and Ring

      Tip and Ring

      Tip and Ring are telephony slang for the two wires which make up the electrical circuit used for telephone wiring. Tip is the nickname for the electrically positive wire and Ring is the nickname for the electrically negative wire. Tip is the ground side, which is positively charged, and Ring is the battery side, which

    • How to Defeat Caller-ID Blocking

      How to Defeat Caller-ID Blocking

      One trick to defeat Caller-ID blocking is to forward your phone line to a friend who lives in another LATA. When your friend receives the anonymous phone call, have him use *69 Call Return to dial to offending party back. As he is now placing a long distance phone call, the telephone number of the

    • iDEN (Integrated Digital Enhanced Network)

      iDEN (Integrated Digital Enhanced Network)

      An IDEN, or Integrated Dispatch Enhanced Network, is a radio service provided by some mobile telephones that allows subscribers to talk to nearby subscribers who have similar phones without dialing their individual numbers. IDENs are often provided as a free service on modern mobile phones, such as Nextel, or as a premium service that can

    • How to Activate a TracFone

      How to Activate a TracFone

      TracFone is the 6th largest mobile network operator in the United States. It allows its customers to purchase airtime usage when they purchase phones that companies like Nokia, LG, and Motorola make. A TracFone customer has to activate the cell phone before using it. It can be activated via the TracFone website or TracFone customer

    • TIMSI

      TIMSI

      A TIMSI, or Temporary International Mobile Subscriber Identity, number is a random number that is created from a telecommunications subscriber’s IMSI number in order to provide additional security. While an IMSI is unique to each subscriber and is a permanent number that can be used to track a subscriber or interfere with his/her services, a

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