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    • LATA (Local Access and Transport Area)

      LATA (Local Access and Transport Area)

      A LATA (Local Access and Transport Area) is a geographical and administrative area that is the responsibility of an LEC (Local Exchange Carrier). It is an expression used in U.S. telecommunications law. LATA borders are outlined around markets, and not essentially along present state, province, or even area code borders. Several LATAs traverse over state

    • What is Tethering?

      What is Tethering?

      Tethering means using a mobile phone (or any other Internet-capable device) as a modem for a laptop or other Internet capable units. A phone that can access the Internet is connected to the other device with a USB cable or Bluetooth connection. If a mobile plan allows the phone to be tethered, you can save

    • Ground Start

      Ground Start

      What is Ground Start? Ground Start or GST is a signaling technique for telephony from a terminal, or a subscriber local loop, to a telephone exchange in which a party gets a dial tone by momentarily grounding one side of a (telephone) circuit. The Ring side of a wire pair is usually the side that

    • What is SMS (Short Message Service)?

      What is SMS (Short Message Service)?

      SMS, or Short Messaging Service, is a text-based messaging service that is used by over 2.4 billion mobile phone users worldwide. SMS allows users to send and receive text-based messages, pictures, videos, and audio clips from other mobile phone users and desktop computer users who have applications that can interact with mobile phones. SMS differs

    • Tumbling

      Tumbling

      Tumbling exploits a weakness in the AMPS/NAMPS roaming system. In tumbling, you first configure the SIDH in your mobile telephone to pretend to be from another cellular carrier. If you are in Colorado, for example, you would configure your mobile telephone as if it were subscribed to a cellular carrier in Texas. Next, you modify

    • Phone Switches

      Phone Switches

      Telephone switches route calls through the PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network). When you pick up the handset on your home telephone, you are initiating a connection with your local telephone switch. When you dial a telephone number, your phone switch interprets the digits you dial and determines where to route your call. If your call

    • NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System)

      NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System)

      NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) is a standard for telephony equipment. NEBS was developed in the 1970's by Bell Labs (now Telcordia). Many equipment vendors build their equipment to NEBS standards, even when they do not intend for their equipment to be placed in a Central Office. Equipment vendors do this because compliance with the NEBS

    • How to Add Ring Tones to my BlackBerry

      How to Add Ring Tones to my BlackBerry

      Owning a Blackberry enables its owners to do much more than they could ever accomplish with a basic cell phone. However, one of the most popular features that have carried over from basic cell phone to the BlackBerry is the ability to add ring tones. In earlier models adding ring tones to your Blackberry was

    • CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)

      CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)

      Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) is a channel transmission standard that allows several transmitters to send information simultaneously over a single communication channel. This ensures that the available bandwidth is used in an optimized manner. It is a form of multiplexing and is used for wireless communication. Radio communication makes use of two resources: frequency

    • How to Restore a Blackberry to Factory Settings

      How to Restore a Blackberry to Factory Settings

      A Blackberry is a “smartphone” that integrates a phone, media player, email client, web browser, camera, and personal digital assistant (PDA) in a single device. It has many purposes and allows users to perform a number of tasks such as creating notes, accessing the Internet, and scheduling events. Blackberry phones represent over 14% of the

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