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  • Types of Mobile Telephone Systems

    The main mobile telephone systems in the last twenty five years have been:

    YearMobile Telephone System

    1981 Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT)
    1983 Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS)
    1985 Total Access Communication Systems (TACS)
    1986 Nordic Mobile Telephony (NMT)
    1991 American Digital Cellular (ADC)
    1991 Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM)
    1992 Digital Cellular System (DCS) 1800
    1994 Japanese Personal Digital Cellular (PDC)
    1995 Personal Communications Service (PCS) 1900 – Canada
    1996 Personal Communications Service (PCS) – USA

    Analog and Digital Mobile Telephone Technologies

    Mobile telephone systems are either analog or digital. In analog systems, voice messages are transmitted as sound waves. When you speak into an analog mobile telephone, your voice wave is linked to a radio wave and transmitted. In digital systems, voice messages are transmitted as a stream of zeroes and ones. When you speak into a digital mobile telephone, your voice wave is converted into a binary pattern before being transmitted.types of mobile telephones

    FDM, TDMA, and CDMA Mobile Telephone Technologies

    Mobile telephone system all utilize some method to allow multiple users to share the system concurrently. The three methods for doing this are:

    FDM Frequency Division Multiplexing
    TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
    CDMA Code Division Multiple Access

    In a FDM system, the available frequency is divided into channels. Each conversation is given a channel. When the system runs out of channels in a given area, no more telephone calls can be connected. In this way, FDM operates much like the channel button on your television set. The AMPS and NAMPS mobile telephone systems utilize FDM.

    In a TDMA system, your encoded voice is digitized and then placed on a radio-frequency (RF) channel with other calls. This is accomplished by allocating time slots to each call within the frequency. In the D-AMPS (Digital AMPS) system, each 30kHz carrier frequency is divided into three time slots. In the GSM and PCS systems, each 200kHz carrier is divided into eight time slots. The D-AMPS, D-AMPS 1900, GSM, PCS and iDEN systems all utilize TDMA.

    In a CDMA system, your encoded voice is digitized and divided into packets. These packets are tagged with "codes." The packets then mix with all of the other packets of traffic in the local CDMA network as they are routed towards their destination. The receiving system only accepts the packets with the codes destined for it.

    Analog systems are FDM. Digital systems can utilize either TDMA or CDMA.

    FDM systems typically allow one call per 10Khz or 30Khz of spectrum. Early TDMA systems tripled the capacity of FDM systems. Recent advances in TDMA promise to provide forty times the carrying capacity of FDM systems. CDMA promises to improve on the results of TDMA.

    Early Mobile Telephone Technologies

    Before there were cellular telephone systems, there was MTS (Mobile Telephone Service) and IMTS (Improved Mobile Telephone Service). These early systems have ceased operations.

    Other Mobile Telephone Systems

    Many mobile telephone systems exist outside the United States, including NMT, TACS/ETACS, and JTACS. New systems are constantly in development.

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    1. keshia

      6 July, 2011 at 11:35 am

      how is public switch telephone networks and mobile telephone system the same

      • Mark

        8 May, 2014 at 3:01 pm

        They are not.

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