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    • Disassembler


      A disassembler is a software that is able to convert an executable language into an assembly language, allowing users to view the individual commands that make a program work. A disassembler is ideal for programming applications because it can be useful when a programmer is attempting to create a similar program to one he/she already

    • How to Sign a Java Applet

      How to Sign a Java Applet

      Java applets are designed to run in a restricted environment known as Sandbox. This confinement helps avoid malicious activities and breach of security from intentionally harmful applets. Therefore, an applet cannot access or communicate with any outside-the-sandbox resource unless granted permission by the user. The trustworthiness of an applet is showcased by signing it with

    • Type Conversion – Class to Basic Type

      Type Conversion – Class to Basic Type

      The constructor handles the task of converting basic types to class types very well. But you cannot use constructors for converting class types to basic data types. Instead, you can define an overloaded casting operator that can be used to convert a class data type into a basic data type. The general form of an

    • Breadth First Search Algorithm

      Breadth First Search Algorithm

      A breadth first search traversal method, visits all the successors of a visited node before visiting any successor of any of its child nodes. This is a contradiction to depth first traversal method; which visits the successor of a visited node before visiting any of its brothers, i.e., children of the same parent. A depth

    • Java


      Java was originally developed as an implementation of a programming language that would compile and complete its directive functions regardless of platform and language version. It was developed by James Gosling, a software developer employed by Sun Microsystems in June of 1991, whom released the first version of Java in 1995. The language is designed

    • How to Declare a Constant in Java

      How to Declare a Constant in Java

      Java does not directly support constants. However, a static final variable is effectively a constant. The static modifier causes the variable to be available without loading an instance of the class where it is defined. The final modifier causes the variable to be unchangeable. Ex: public static final int FOUNDING_YEAR = 2001; Naming Standards for

    • Race Condition

      Race Condition

      A race condition occurs when multiple processes access and manipulate the same data concurrently, and the outcome of the execution depends on the particular order in which the access takes place. A race condition is of interest to a hacker when the race condition can be utilized to gain privileged system access. Consider the following

    • Java Data Types

      Java Data Types

      Data types in the Java programming language are basically divided into two groups – primitive data types and object references. A primitive data type is a basic building block and has full built-in support. Many other languages also support composite data types, which are build on a combination of primitive data types and may or

    • Random Number Vulnerability

      Random Number Vulnerability

      Computers are deterministic and are therefore predictable. Computers cannot, in and of themselves, generate truly random numbers. In the absence of outside input, computers can only create pseudo-random numbers.  In the words of John Von Neumann, “Anyone attempting to produce random numbers by purely arithmetic means is, of course, in a state of sin.” A

    • Object


      A Java object is basically a set of data, data structures, and methods combined together to form a single entity. An object is an instance of class. Therefore, a class is said to be a blueprint of an object. Every object instantiated from a class will contain its own copy of member variables and member

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