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    • Checksum Error

      Checksum Error

      In order to understand what a checksum error is, it is important to first learn what a checksum is. A checksum is a redundancy check during a computer’s start up process, which makes sure that the computer’s data is intact and unhampered. The data is scanned and tested for accuracy, either based on how well

    • Pentium

      Pentium

      The Pentium family of processors is the current generation of CPU's for personal computers from Intel. Pentium processors trace their heritage all the way back to the original Intel 8088 CPU used in the original IBM-PC in 1981. Intel renamed the 80586 processor Pentium because of the difficulties of trademarking numbers. This was a move

    • RISC vs. CISC

      RISC vs. CISC

      CPUs process data using instructions stored in the computer memory or RAM. The RAM is a temporary storage area that makes information and instructions available to the microprocessor, which does not have to use this information until required. The two processor classifications are the Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) and the Complex Instruction Set Computer

    • Front Side Bus

      Front Side Bus

      The Front Side Bus (FSB) is the connecting path between the CPU and other key components such as system memory. The Front Side Bus is also called the Data Bus and the Processor Side Bus (PSB). Front Side Bus Widths of Various CPUs CPU Front Side Bus Width 8088 8 8086 16 80286 16 80386SX

    • CPU (Central Processing Unit)

      CPU (Central Processing Unit)

      CPU is an acronym that stands for central processing unit. The central processing unit is responsible for performing all of the mathematical calculations that are required for a computer to function properly. Because a computer cannot function without the CPU (which may also be referred to as the central processor or just the processor), it

    • Dual Core

      Dual Core

      A dual core processor is part of a category called multi-core processors. These computer processors have more than one independent processor on the chip or package. In the case of a dual core processor, the entire chip has two independent computer processors that can work together to increase total computer performance. For non-technical consumers, dual

    • AMD64

      AMD64

      AMD64 is a set of 64-bit extensions to AMD x86-compatible microprocessors. AMD64 extends the industry-standard x86 instruction set architecture while maintaining full compatibility with existing x86 applications. The 64-bit architecture of AMD64 enables applications to utilize up to 256 terabytes of memory, overcoming the 4 gigabytes limitation of 32-bit processors. AMD64 doubles the number of

    • How Does a Processor Work?

      How Does a Processor Work?

      A computer processor is commonly referred to as the CPU, or central processing unit of a computer. The processor is the primary component of a computer designed to move and process data. Computer processors are commonly referred to by the speed that the CPU can process computer instructions per second measured in hertz and are

    • EM64T (Intel 64)

      EM64T (Intel 64)

      EM64T (Extended Memory 64 Technology), now known more commonly as Intel 64 or the x64 (that is when including AMD64 too), is a 64 bit superset/extensions that central processing units (CPUs) process. It is widely used in Intel’s processors, including Pentium 4, Pentium D, Pentium Extreme Edition, Celeron D, Xeon, Pentium Dual Core, and Core

    • L1 Cache

      L1 Cache

      The L1 cache refers to the first tier in a computer processor’s memory cache system that increases the speed at which the processor delivers results to the user. The L1 cache sits between the processor and the computer’s RAM (Random Access Memory) and stores the user’s most accessed data in order for the processor to

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