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    • The Peltier Effect

      The Peltier Effect

      The Peltier effect is one of the three separately identified effects to which “Thermoelectric Effect” or simply, “Thermoelectricity” refers. The other two are the Seebeck and Thomson effects. Discovery This effect is named after French physicist Jean-Charles Peltier, who discovered it in 1834. Peltier found that the junctions of dissimilar metals were heated or cooled

    • Electroluminescent Wire

      Electroluminescent Wire

      Electroluminescent wire (EL wire) is a thin wire that produces 360 degrees of visible light. EL wire differs from string lights, such as Christmas lights, which only produce light at specific points. It uses a phenomenon known as electroluminescence to generate light when electricity runs through it. EL wire is very thin and flexible and

    • What is Luminous Flux?

      What is Luminous Flux?

      Luminous flux (luminous power) is the measurement of the (perceived) power of light. It is adjusted to take the human eye’s sensitivity to the different wavelengths of light into account. Luminous flux differs from radiant flux in this manner, since radiant flux is a measurement of the total power of light emitted independent of wavelength.

    • U.S. Drones

      U.S. Drones

      The U.S. drone program has seen significant press since the first Gulf War when the defenders of Faylaka Island surrendered to the Pioneer drone, or Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), flying spotting services for the USS Wisconsin (BB 64). Since that time, the technology powering U.S. drones has steadily improved now allowing the MQ-1B Predator and

    • How Does Sound Travel?

      How Does Sound Travel?

      Sound is characterised as a series of waves that move through a particular medium. A medium is some sort of a subtance–whether it be water, plasma, air, a solid, or anything else–that these waves move through. The waves cause the particles in this substance to vibrate which is how the sound is potentially heard. A

    • Seebeck Effect

      Seebeck Effect

      The Seebeck Effect was first discovered in 1821. It describes the thermoelectric phenomenon that results when the temperature differences between dissimilar metals in a circuit are converted into electric current. This is one of three similar processes that relate to conductivity, temperature, and thermoelectricity that was discovered in the 1800s. The Thomson Effect was first

    • Total Harmonic Distortion

      Total Harmonic Distortion

      Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) is a measured difference in audio levels between the input audio signal’s harmonics and the harmonics of the output audio signal of an amplifier or other audio device. Output Distortion Level As the signal passes through an amplifier it is always somewhat distorted at its output. The waveform at the input

    • Pulse Induction Metal Detectors

      Pulse Induction Metal Detectors

      Metal detector technology has been used for a number of decades to locate various metallic artifacts and precious metallic ores. An uncommon, but accurate metal detector is the Pulse Induction Metal Detector. It uses Pulse Induction Technology to find metals. What is Pulse Induction Technology? In Pulse Induction technology, a coil is used as a

    • What is a Pitot Tube?

      What is a Pitot Tube?

      A pitot tube measures pressure levels in liquids. They are most commonly seen in laboratory settings but can be seen in industrial applications as small cylinders. While a pitot tube is not the only device that measures fluid pressure, it is capable of being implemented in much more diverse environments than similar devices. How Pitot

    • The Venturi Effect

      The Venturi Effect

      The Venturi effect is the phenomenon that occurs when a fluid that is flowing through a pipe is forced through a narrow section, resulting in a pressure decrease and a velocity increase. The effect is mathematically described through the Bernoulli equation and can be observed in both nature and industry. Many industry applications rely on

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