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    • Firmware


      We all use electronic devices, whether they are mobile phones, computer routers, MP3 players, cable boxes, etc. These electronic devices include hardware, the physical electronic components and software, programs that help these components run effectively. Firmware is a mix of both. Firmware Firmware is usually defined as a type of program that runs within an

    • ROM (Read Only Memory)

      ROM (Read Only Memory)

      Read-Only Memory or ROM is an integrated-circuit memory chip that contains configuration data. ROM is commonly called firmware because its programming is fully embedded into the ROM chip. As such, ROM is a hardware and software in one. Because data is fully incorporated at the ROM chip’s manufacture, data stored can neither be erased nor

    • ECC Memory

      ECC Memory

      ECC (Error Correction Codes) is a method used to detect and correct errors introduced during data storage or transmission. Certain kinds of RAM chips inside a computer implement this technique to correct data errors and are known as ECC Memory. ECC Memory chips are predominantly used in servers rather than in client computers. Memory errors

    • Random Access Memory

      Random Access Memory

      Random-access memory is a type of data storage for computers. Commonly known as the acronym RAM or simply memory, random-access memory details the speed in which data that is stored can be accessed at random. This means that the strength of the RAM determines, at random, how fast a piece of data can be pulled

    • EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory)

      EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory)

      EEPROM stands for Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory. An EEPROM is like an EPROM chip since it can be written in or programmed more than once. Unlike the EPROM chip, however, an EEPROM chip need not be taken out of the computer or electronic device of which it is part when a new program or

    • PROM (Programmable Read Only Memory)

      PROM (Programmable Read Only Memory)

      PROM stands for Programmable Read-Only Memory. It was invented by Wen Tsing Chow in 1956. Unlike a ROM chip, a PROM chip comes from the manufacturers devoid of any programming. Programming is done by the end user or the makers of electronic devices which require a permanent data storage device. Since it is cheaper than

    • CAS Latency

      CAS Latency

      CAS latency is short for Column Address Strobe latency. CAS latency is the time (in clock cycles) required to access a column of memory on a DRAM memory module. A CAS3 rated memory module requires 3 clock cycles to address a column of memory, where a CAS2 rated memory module can accomplish the same task

    • What is a Hypervisor?

      What is a Hypervisor?

      A hypervisor is a virtualization technique that runs multiple operating systems on the device. While non-hypervisor virtualization techniques run multiple operating systems on domestic computers and hand-held devices, hypervisors are used exclusively on devices whose sole task is to run multiple guest operating systems for commercial or industrial purposes. Hypervisors are used in gaming technologies,

    • CMOS RAM

      CMOS RAM

      When the computer boots up, certain amounts of information are needed to ensure that the computer boots properly. This includes hard disk types, keyboard and display type, chip set and the time and data. For example, the hard drive booting properly means that the operating system boots properly. This is important to understand because it

    • DIMM (Dual In-line Memory Module)

      DIMM (Dual In-line Memory Module)

      Dual Inline Memory Module or DIMM is a series of Random Access Memory (RAM) chips mounted on a small printed circuit board. The entire circuit collectively forms a memory module. DIMMs are commonly used in personal computers, servers, and high-end workstations. The DIMM makes physical contact with the computer’s data bus through teeth like connectors

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