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    • Firmware

      Firmware

      We all use electronic devices, whether they are mobile phones, computer routers, MP3 players, cable boxes, etc. These electronic devices include hardware, the physical electronic components and software, programs that help these components run effectively. Firmware is a mix of both. Firmware Firmware is usually defined as a type of program that runs within an

    • NVRAM (Non-Volatile Random Access Memory)

      NVRAM (Non-Volatile Random Access Memory)

      NVRAM is an acronym for Non-Volatile Random Access Memory. NVRAM is a type of Random Access Memory (RAM) that retains its information when power is turned off. The NVRAM is a small 24 pin DIP (Dual Inline Package) integrated circuit chip and is thus able to obtain the power needed to keep it running from

    • CAS Latency

      CAS Latency

      CAS latency is short for Column Address Strobe latency. CAS latency is the time (in clock cycles) required to access a column of memory on a DRAM memory module. A CAS3 rated memory module requires 3 clock cycles to address a column of memory, where a CAS2 rated memory module can accomplish the same task

    • EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory)

      EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory)

      EPROM or Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory was invented by Engr. Dov Frohman. It is a ROM-type chip that can hold data from 10-20 years. It is different from PROM because it can be programmed more than once. An EPROM programming is erased only through exposure to ultra violet light. The EPROM is configured or

    • What is a Hypervisor?

      What is a Hypervisor?

      A hypervisor is a virtualization technique that runs multiple operating systems on the device. While non-hypervisor virtualization techniques run multiple operating systems on domestic computers and hand-held devices, hypervisors are used exclusively on devices whose sole task is to run multiple guest operating systems for commercial or industrial purposes. Hypervisors are used in gaming technologies,

    • DIMM (Dual In-line Memory Module)

      DIMM (Dual In-line Memory Module)

      Dual Inline Memory Module or DIMM is a series of Random Access Memory (RAM) chips mounted on a small printed circuit board. The entire circuit collectively forms a memory module. DIMMs are commonly used in personal computers, servers, and high-end workstations. The DIMM makes physical contact with the computer’s data bus through teeth like connectors

    • Unbuffered Memory

      Unbuffered Memory

      Unbuffered memory, or unregistered memory, is memory in which no hardware register exists between a RAM chip and a memory controller. Unbuffered memory is not as stable as buffered memory, but is faster and cheaper to implement. While buffered memory may be necessary in some computer systems, such as high-end corporate servers and workstations, where

    • Random Access Memory

      Random Access Memory

      Random-access memory is a type of data storage for computers. Commonly known as the acronym RAM or simply memory, random-access memory details the speed in which data that is stored can be accessed at random. This means that the strength of the RAM determines, at random, how fast a piece of data can be pulled

    • ROM (Read Only Memory)

      ROM (Read Only Memory)

      Read-Only Memory or ROM is an integrated-circuit memory chip that contains configuration data. ROM is commonly called firmware because its programming is fully embedded into the ROM chip. As such, ROM is a hardware and software in one. Because data is fully incorporated at the ROM chip’s manufacture, data stored can neither be erased nor

    • CMOS RAM

      CMOS RAM

      When the computer boots up, certain amounts of information are needed to ensure that the computer boots properly. This includes hard disk types, keyboard and display type, chip set and the time and data. For example, the hard drive booting properly means that the operating system boots properly. This is important to understand because it

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