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    • Understanding Network Protocols

      Understanding Network Protocols

      A protocol is a collection of specifications or rules for data packets that enable information to be sent over the network. Network protocols are designed for network communication. In order to understand the different protocols available and their efficiencies, lets first look at the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) reference model. This is the standard model

    • Monitoring Network Activity

      Monitoring Network Activity

      Monitoring Network Activity with Network Monitor The tool which you can utilize to both monitor and log network activity as it occurs on the network is the Network Monitor. You can use the information obtained from Network Monitor to optimize network traffic as well. Network Monitor stems directly from the Windows NT Network Monitor. Network

    • Considerations in Planning a Network Infrastructure

      Considerations in Planning a Network Infrastructure

      Defining Network Infrastructure A network can be defined as the grouping of hardware devices and software components which are necessary to connect devices within the organization, and to connect the organization to other organizations and the Internet. Typical hardware components utilized in a networking environment are network interface cards, computers, routers, hubs, switches, printers, and

    • How to Remove IPv6 in Windows

      How to Remove IPv6 in Windows

      IPv6 stands for Internet Protocol version 6. IPv6 is the latest version of the network-layer protocol for packet-switched networks. The version that is generally used is IPv4. One of the reasons for the upgrade to IPv6 is that it allows greater space and flexibility in assigning IP addresses. For instance, IPv4 is based on a

    • The Certificate Enrollment Process

      The Certificate Enrollment Process

      While encryption can be a robust security technology, users have to implement a public key infrastructure (PKI) to make it beneficial and trusted within an organization. The Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 PKI implementation resides in Certificate Services. A public key infrastructure is the collection of technology, protocols, services, standards, and policies that control

    • Understanding the Department of Defense Network Model

      Understanding the Department of Defense Network Model

      Department of Defense Network (DoD) Network Model Introduction Back in 1960, systems were primarily made up of mainframe computers, and were typically owned by fairly large companies and government institutions. Because mainframe computers run different proprietary software, and due to mainframes not being able to communicate between each other, special code (interface) had to be

    • The Windows Routing Table

      The Windows Routing Table

      When routers need to forward packets, they interpret the packets’ addresses then use the information in the routing tables to pass the packet on. Data packets contain both source and destination addresses in their packet headers. This is the information that is used when routing decisions need to be made. The destination address is compared

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