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    • NetBIOS Node Types

      NetBIOS Node Types

      A NetBIOS node type is a method that a computer uses to resolve a NetBIOS name into an IP address. A NetBIOS node type allows an administrator to configure the order and method that a client uses when resolving NetBIOS names to IP addresses. Understanding how the various node types function will help users to

    • Understanding Internet Connections

      Understanding Internet Connections

      Internet Connectivity Introduction  In most organizations and networks today, Internet connectivity is no longer an additional option, but a necessity. Most organizations that have a networking environment need to provide its employees or users with some form of connectivity to the Internet. E-mail and Web sites have evolved into being important mechanisms for a vast

    • Network Load Balancing

      Network Load Balancing

      Network Load Balancing Overview Network Load Balancing (NLB), included in Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 can be used if you need to provide increased levels of availability for TCP/IP applications. All versions of Windows Server 2003 include NLB. While NLB is automatically installed, it is not enabled. In a NLB cluster, client requests are

    • Understanding Ethernet LAN Segmentation

      Understanding Ethernet LAN Segmentation

      LAN Segmentation Overview Network segmentation is the terminology used to describe the process of dividing single Ethernet segments into multiple segments. Network segmentation has the following main advantages: Network performance of the LAN is improved. Network congestion issues can be resolved. Available bandwidth is maximized. A few technologies which you can use to perform network

    • How to Open TCP Ports in Windows

      How to Open TCP Ports in Windows

      Opening TCP ports in Windows may be necessary for certain applications to run correctly. Each application may require a specific port to operate on. While a computer can and does open ports on its own, it may have to be done manually in certain situations. Here is a simple procedure. Step 1. Launch Windows and

    • SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)

      SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)

      An Overview on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) The Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol was developed by Netscape Communications, and enables secure communication over the Internet. SSL works at the transport layer of Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), which makes the protocol independent of the application layer protocol functioning on top of it. SSL is an

    • DFS (Distributed File System)

      DFS (Distributed File System)

      DFS (Distributed File System) provides a mechanism for administrators to create logical views of folders and files, regardless of where those files are physically located on the network. DFS also allows administrators to distribute shared folders and work loads across several servers for more efficient network and server resources use. Fault tolerance network storage resources

    • TCP/IP


      Understanding the Function of Protocols Protocols are rules, standards and procedures that enable information to be communicated in the network environment. The rules and standards that control the way in which computers communicate are referred to as protocols. A few relevant factors to consider when discussing protocols and the network environment are: There are numerous

    • The Certificate Enrollment Process

      The Certificate Enrollment Process

      While encryption can be a robust security technology, users have to implement a public key infrastructure (PKI) to make it beneficial and trusted within an organization. The Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 PKI implementation resides in Certificate Services. A public key infrastructure is the collection of technology, protocols, services, standards, and policies that control

    • APIPA


      Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA) Overview DHCP is a service that functions at the application layer of the TCP/IP protocol stack. One of the primary tasks of the DHCP service is to automatically assign IP addresses to DHCP clients. A server running the DHCP service is called a DHCP server. The DHCP service automates the

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