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    • Free Firewall Software

      Free Firewall Software

      Free firewalls have become very common and represent an excellent alternative to commercial firewall packages. Most of these firewalls run under some form of Linux, FreeBSD, or OpenBSD. Many of these free firewalls are front-ends for the lower-level firewall packages which ship with these operating systems, such as pf (Packet Filter), ipf (IPFilter), ipfw (IPFirewall),

    • Packet Fragmentation

      Packet Fragmentation

      Every packet based network has an MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) size. The MTU is the size of the largest packet that that network can transmit. Packets larger than the allowable MTU must be divided into smaller packets or fragments to enable them to traverse the network. Network Standard MTU Ethernet 1500 Token Ring 4096 Packet

    • How to Monitor Wireless Traffic

      How to Monitor Wireless Traffic

      Wireless traffic is considered to be those Internet protocol packets that are transmitted through an 802.11a, b, g, n, or i wireless protocol. Monitoring Requirements There are a few things to consider when planning to setup wireless traffic monitoring. First, the user must determine what kind of traffic will be monitored. Is the traffic to

    • How to Disable the Netgear Router Firewall

      How to Disable the Netgear Router Firewall

      In most cases, disabling the firewall on a Netgear router is a really bad idea. In fact, it is such a bad idea that Netgear does not even make a button in their GUI that does this. Nevertheless, users can effectively disable a Netgear router firewall just by adding a rule or two to the

    • Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks

      Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks

      A Denial of Service (DoS) attack is one that attempts to prevent the victim from being able to use all or part of his/her network connection. A denial of service attack may target a user to prevent him/her from making outgoing connections on the network. It may also target an entire organization to either prevent

    • What Are the Effects of Computer Hacking?

      What Are the Effects of Computer Hacking?

      Hacking as a Destructive Tool The common stance on hacking with the average person is that it is morally wrong. There have been several instances where hacking has proven to have caused problems. Hacking can create a variety of damages to people, groups and systems of broad spectrum. Negative Hacking Interactions: Identity Theft – Some hackers can

    • Intrusion Detection System (IDS)

      Intrusion Detection System (IDS)

      Consumers commonly mistake an intrusion detection system (IDS)with a computer firewall. Although both applications have a similar goal to protect end-users from nefarious hackers and computer malware, an IDS differs from a firewall in that it can be either a device or software program created to monitor an individual computer, computing device, or network for

    • Packet Sniffers

      Packet Sniffers

      Packet sniffing is listening (with software) to the raw network device for interesting packets. When the software sees a packet that fits certain criteria, it logs it to a file. The most common criterion for an interesting packet is one that contains words like “login” or “password.” To packet sniff, obtain or code a packet

    • LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)

      LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)

      LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a protocol for communications between LDAP servers and LDAP clients. LDAP servers store "directories" which are access by LDAP clients. LDAP is called lightweight because it is a smaller and easier protocol which was derived from the X.500 DAP (Directory Access Protocol) defined in the OSI network protocol stack.

    • Port Forwarding

      Port Forwarding

      Port forwarding, also known as tunneling, is basically forwarding a network port from one node to the other. This forwarding technique allows an outside user to access a certain port (in a LAN) through a NAT (network address translation) enabled router. Advantages of Port Forwarding Port forwarding basically allows an outside computer to connect to

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