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    • The Cisco Three Layer Hierarchical Model vs the OSI Model

      The Cisco Three Layer Hierarchical Model vs the OSI Model

      The ISO, International Organization for Standardization is the Emily Post of the network protocol world. Just like Ms. Post, who wrote the book setting the standards or protocols for human social interaction, the ISO developed the OSI model as the precedent and guide for an open network protocol set. Defining the etiquette of communication models,

    • Cisco Switch Commands

      Cisco Switch Commands

      Cisco IOS software is installed in the manageable Cisco switches for better LAN management. It delivers network services and enabled networked applications. The Cisco IOS has a command line interface that helps users to execute the Cisco IOS commands. Cisco Switch Commands The Cisco switch IOS has different EXEC modes with distinctive prompts. These modes

    • What is EIGRP?

      What is EIGRP?

      Local and international networks require information to be constantly updated in order to properly route communications. Routing protocols were developed in order to help keep information flowing to the proper locations and to maintain network connectivity on both LAN and WAN. The Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) is one of the most popular internal

    • Understanding the Cisco Three-Layer Hierarchical Model

      Understanding the Cisco Three-Layer Hierarchical Model

      Understanding the Cisco Three-Layer Hierarchical Model Hierachical network design helps us to make networks more reliable and predictable. Level by level design help to understand networking factions easily like, we can use tools like access lists at specific level and can avoid them from others. Cisco layer model consist of the following three layers. The

    • Cisco Router Commands

      Cisco Router Commands

      Cisco Router IOS Cisco routers are manageable devices, which means that they have the Cisco IOS software for network and internetwork management. The Cisco’s IOS software delivers network services and enabled networked applications. The Cisco IOS is the CLI based software with which Cisco IOS commands can be executed. Cisco Commands There are more than

    • Understanding Ethernet Networking

      Understanding Ethernet Networking

      Ethernet refers to the family of Local Area Network implementation that was jointly developed by Digital Equipment Corporation, Intel Corporation and Xerox Corporation. It consists of certain specifications and standards as well as hardware devices and components. Ethernet Connection The Ethernet protocol provides for a verity of cabling options, one of which is a specification

    • Understanding Data Encapsulation

      Understanding Data Encapsulation

      The sending and receiving of data from a source device to the destination device is possible with the help of networking protocols when data encapsulation is used. The data is encapsulated with protocol information at each OSI reference model layer when a host transmits data to another device across a network. Each layer communicates with

    • LAN Switching and Switch Types

      LAN Switching and Switch Types

      Switches represent the features and technologies that can be used to respond to the requirements in emerging network design. Some basic operations and technologies of switches are as follows: Fast Convergence: Switches stipulate that the network must adapt quickly to network topology changes. Deterministic Paths: Switches provide desirability of a given path to a destination for certain

    • What is VLSM?

      What is VLSM?

      VLSM (Variable Length Subnet Mask) is a technique that network administrators employ in order to use their IP subnet(s) in a more effective manner. By using VLSM, a long mask can be used on a network that has a few hosts and a short net mask on subnets that have a large number of hosts.

    • Understanding Frame Relay

      Understanding Frame Relay

      Frame Relay is a protocol for transmitting data over a wide area network (WAN). It was designed to use across ISDN interfaces but it is now used over an assortment of other network interfaces. Once one becomes a master of frame relay design and configuration, it is much easier to obtain a strong understanding of

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