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    • PIR Sensor

      PIR Sensor

      A PIR (Passive Infrared) sensor detects infrared light that is emitted from objects within its field of view. PIR sensors differ from other infrared sensors because they can only receive infrared waves. Because all objects emit infrared waves (electromagnetic waves that travel with heat), PIR sensors can detect objects that are in front of them.

    • Parabolic Mirror

      Parabolic Mirror

      Parabolic mirrors are specially shaped in order to capture and focus energy onto a single point. They also distribute energy from a single point outwards. The mirrors are a specific paraboloid type that is rotated around its axis, and is also known as a circular paraboloid. Parabolic mirrors are also referred to as parabolic reflectors

    • What Are Photonic Crystals?

      What Are Photonic Crystals?

      Photonic crystals are those that manipulate how photons are absorbed or reflected off of them. They occur in nature and are made of dielectric nanostructures that allow certain wavelengths to pass through them while blocking other wavelengths. The visible light portion of the electromagnetic spectrum’s wavelengths is responsible for colors, therefore photonic crystals can spontaneously

    • What is the Tyndall Effect?

      What is the Tyndall Effect?

      The Tyndall Effect refers to the reflection of light as it comes in contact with small particles in a translucent medium. It involves the scattering of light in different colors depending on how short or long a particular wavelength is. For example, the Tyndall Effect can describe the haze seen as light travels through a

    • What is Stereoscopic Vision?

      What is Stereoscopic Vision?

      The term stereoscopic vision refers to the human ability to view with both eyes in similar, but slightly different ways. This allows humans to judge distance, which develops their ability to have true depth perception. Historically, the human’s ability to view the world through stereoscopic sight has given him/her a significant advantage over entities and

    • Transmission Electron Microscope

      Transmission Electron Microscope

      The transmission electron microscope (TEM) is a scientific instrument that uses electrons instead of light to scrutinize objects at very fine resolutions. They were developed in the 1930s when scientists realized that electrons can be used instead of light to "magnify" objects or specimens under study. TEMs provided a means to go beyond the magnification

    • How Do Light Bulbs Work?

      How Do Light Bulbs Work?

      The light bulb, invented in 1854, has been a crucial component of civilization since. Contrary to popular belief, the light bulb was invented by Henricg Globel, a German watchmaker, not Thomas Edison. Edison did improve on the idea of the incandescent light bulb, though, and strived to make it better. Due to the works of

    • What is Electroluminescence?

      What is Electroluminescence?

      Electroluminescence is the phenomenon where a material emits light when electricity is passed through it. It is one of the greatest discoveries of the twentieth century and other forms of luminescence, including incandescence, chemiluminescence, cathodoluminescence, triboluminescence, and photoluminescence rival it. Electroluminescence generally involves a material producing light without producing heat. It is different from black

    • What is a Refractometer?

      What is a Refractometer?

      Refractometers measure the refractive index of liquids, gases, and translucent solids such as gemstones. The measurement of how much the speed of light is reduced when traveling through a gas, solid, or solution is referred to as the refractive index. When the device is used to test liquids, it typically measures the salinity, fluid concentration,

    • What is a Diopter?

      What is a Diopter?

      A diopter is a lens that bends light in order to magnify an object. Diopters can be used to enlarge small objects or see across far distances and are generally integrated into other objects in order to maximize efficiency and accessibility. A diopter can also refer to a measurement that describes a lens’s optical power

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