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    • WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)

      WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)

      Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is the encryption algorithm built into the 802.11 (Wi-Fi) standard. WEP encryption uses the RC4 stream cipher with 40 or 104 bit keys and a 24 bit initialization vector. WEP Key Generation Most 802.11 devices allow WEP keys to be entered using an ASCII passphrase or in hexidecimal format. The conversion

    • Airborne Internet

      Airborne Internet

      Airborne Internet refers to installing a broadband network hub in an aircraft flying at 52,000 to 69,000 feet above sea level – high enough to be out of weather disturbances and way outside the flight envelope of commercial aircraft. The aircraft will provide Internet connection to places and establishments within its range. The Need for

    • Routing

      Routing

      Routing is the process of moving packets through an internetwork, such as the Internet. Routing actually consists of two separate, but related, tasks: Defining paths for the transmission of packets through an internetwork. Forwarding packets based upon the defined paths. Routing takes place in IP networks, based on IP routing tables and its entries. The

    • DSL (Digital Subscriber Line)

      DSL (Digital Subscriber Line)

      Digital Subscriber Line or Digital Subscriber Loop (DSL) is a type of high-speed Internet technology that enables transmission of digital data via the wires of a telephone network. DSL does not interfere with the telephone line; the same line can be used for both Internet and regular telephone services. The download speed of DSL ranges

    • How to Reset a Netgear Router

      How to Reset a Netgear Router

      Netgear routers are some of the most popular routers in the world, providing both residential and commercial users with wireless networks that are accessible from a wide variety of mobile devices such as laptops, tablets, smartphones, and even desktop computers that are outfitted with a wireless adapter (which Netgear also sells). Netgear routers are available

    • DHCP Reservation

      DHCP Reservation

      A DHCP reservation is a permanent IP address assignment. It is a specific IP address within a DHCP scope that is permanently reserved for leased use to a specific DHCP client. Users can configure a DHCP reservation in their DHCP server when they need to reserve a permanent IP address assignment. Reservations are used for

    • RG-8

      RG-8

      RG-8 is a 50-ohm coaxial cable that is used for radio transmission (for instance in amateur radio or CB). Recently, they have become an integral part of computer networks, as they can increase connectivity. One of the first things that someone will notice about RG-8 cables is that they are huge when compared to other

    • The OSI Model – What It Is; Why It Matters; Why It Doesn’t Matter.

      The OSI Model – What It Is; Why It Matters; Why It Doesn’t Matter.

      The OSI Model was created based on recommendations from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1980, which started expanding on the DoD model in the late 1970s. The current standard was published in 1996. The official title for the model is the ISO OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) Reference Model since it describes or relates

    • Subnetting

      Subnetting

      Subnetting is the process of breaking down an IP network into smaller sub-networks called “subnets.” Each subnet is a non-physical description (or ID) for a physical sub-network (usually a switched network of host containing a single router in a multi-router network). In many cases, subnets are created to serve as physical or geographical separations similar

    • LAN Switching and Switch Types

      LAN Switching and Switch Types

      Switches represent the features and technologies that can be used to respond to the requirements in emerging network design. Some basic operations and technologies of switches are as follows: Fast Convergence: Switches stipulate that the network must adapt quickly to network topology changes. Deterministic Paths: Switches provide desirability of a given path to a destination for certain

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