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    • Business Band

      Business Band

      Business band stands for a series of frequencies in the UHF and VHF two-way radio bands, which are exclusively reserved for businesses to communicate within limited ranges. Of course, not just anyone can use this bandwidth. Anyone that wants to use the business band must first receive a license from the Federal Communications Commission, also

    • Degaussing


      Degaussing is a process of reducing the magnetism of a material by applying an opposite magnetic field. The name is derived from a unit of magnetic flux, the gauss. There are many different uses for degaussing. Cathode Ray Tubes Most televisions and computer monitors that use cathode ray tubes have a degaussing function. The electron

    • FSK (Frequency Shift Keying)

      FSK (Frequency Shift Keying)

      FSK (Frequency Shift Keying) is also known as frequency shift modulation and frequency shift signaling. Frequency Shift Keying is a data signal converted into a specific frequency or tone in order to transmit it over wire, cable, optical fiber or wireless media to a destination point. The history of FSK dates back to the early

    • Zener Diode

      Zener Diode

      A Zener diode transfers current forward and backward, while traditional diodes are only capable of transferring current forward. Many different electronic systems use Zener diodes to control their circuit’s voltage levels. While there are several ways of doing this, Zener diodes provide efficient voltage regulation without damaging the diode itself. How Zener Diodes Work For

    • Downlink


      Downlink is a term in telecommunications that is used to refer to a data transmission in which data flows from an orbital satellite receiver to a ground-based transmitter. Downlink transmissions rely on the C Band between 3.7 and 4.2 GHz, the Ku Band between 11.7 and 12.7 GHz, and the Ka Band between 18.3 and

    • Medium Earth Orbit

      Medium Earth Orbit

      Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) refers to a satellite which orbits the earth at an altitude below 22,300 miles (geostationary orbit) and above the altitude of Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites. Medium Earth Orbit represents a series of tradeoffs between geostationary orbit (GEO) and Low Earth Orbit (LEO). Medium Earth Orbit enables a satellite provider to

    • Trickle Charging

      Trickle Charging

      Trickle charging, also called float charging, is the replacement of charge lost through self-discharge. Trickle chargers work at a lower rate than quick chargers, and are used to keep a battery at full charge, not to charge it from empty. Some battery chargers use electronics to control both quick and trickle charge modes, allowing them

    • What is a Momentary Switch?

      What is a Momentary Switch?

      A common question asked by new student of electronics is what is a momentary switch? The short answer is that a momentary switch is a unit capable of turning any electronic device to either an on or off state when an end-user presses the switch. This type of switch can actually represent one of two

    • IR Blaster

      IR Blaster

      An IR blaster (infrared blaster) is a device that emulates an infrared remote control. IR blasters are used in situations where one device controls another. For example, it can be connected to a computer in order to control virtually every other infrared device in the room from that computer. IR blasters are usually small and

    • What is a Multivibrator?

      What is a Multivibrator?

      A multivibrator is an electronic circuit that rapidly switches because of positive feedback between multiple states. The switch’s output is harmonic. Three types of multivibrator circuits are used in industry today: astable, monostable, and bistaple. Types of Multivibrators The three multivibrator types are: Astable Multivibrator – The circuit is not considered stable in either of

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