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    • LC Connectors

      LC Connectors

      The LC connector is a small form factor fiber optic connector. The LC connector resembles a small SC connector. Lucent Technologies first developed the LC connector for TelCo environment uses. Hence, LC stands for Lucent Connectors. The LC connector has been standardized as FOCIS 10 (Fiber Optic Connector Intermateability Standards) in EIA/TIA-604-10. The LC connector

    • Wavelength Division Multiplexing

      Wavelength Division Multiplexing

      Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) is a technology found in fiber optic communications. WDM uses a single fiber to transmit multiple optical signals. It does this by breaking up the signal into different frequencies or wavelengths of color. The various wavelengths indicate that different amounts of data are being transmitted simultaneously. This results in an increase

    • Ethernet Cable

      Ethernet Cable

      This Ethernet cable can be used to connect a network interface card (NIC) to an Ethernet switch or hub. They transmit data using the Ethernet protocol. Ethernet cables have RJ-45 jacks on both ends, each with 8 pins (They look similar to telephone jacks, which use 4 pins or 6 pins). Equipment using an Ethernet

    • RJ-11

      RJ-11

      RJ-11 is the standard connector utilized on 2-pair (4-wire) telephone wiring. RJ stands for “Registered Jack”- a physical connector interface most often used for telephone wire terminals. Though the RJ-11 connector has a total of 6 connector positions, typically either only 2 or 4 are actually utilized. RJ-11 connector wiring comes in two standard varieties-

    • Ethernet at the Physical Layer

      Ethernet at the Physical Layer

      Ethernet is the most popular Local Area Network architecture that was jointly developed by Digital Equipment Corporation, Intel Corporation and Xerox Corporation. It consists of certain specifications and standards as well as hardware devices and components. Ethernet provides services corresponding to physical layer and data link layer of the OSI reference model. Each Ethernet physical

    • DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing)

      DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing)

      DWDM stands for Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing. DWDM is a technology used to increase the capacity of fiber optics that results in faster transfers of data. What are fiber optics? Fiber optics are very thin and small fibers that are used to transmit data and light throughout a computer and network. How does DWDM affect

    • How to Splice a Coaxial Cable

      How to Splice a Coaxial Cable

      A coaxial cable can be spliced with a minimal set of tools, but some of them are specialized. They can be found at a local hardware store. Purchase the following: Two F connectors A barrel connector A pair of diagonal pliers A coaxial cable stripper (preferably) or a knife. A knife is not recommended. A

    • Ethernet Card

      Ethernet Card

      The system that helps connect a computer to an Ethernet network is called an Ethernet card. Another name for such a card is Network Interface Card (NIC). It can be inserted into one of the slots provided on the motherboard of the computer. Each of these cards has a unique identification number, known as the

    • Ethernet Crossover Cable

      Ethernet Crossover Cable

      An Ethernet crossover cable can be used to directly connect two network devices through Ethernet. These can either be single computers or they can be networks. Ethernet crossover cables are commonly used for temporarily networking two devices in the absence of a network router, switch, or hub. The principle is the same, but the connection

    • Fiber Optic Internet

      Fiber Optic Internet

        Everyday, data transfer rates are getting faster and faster as technology gets better and demands get higher. To keep up with these faster data transfer needs, fiber optic Internet access has been introduced to the public. Fiber optic Internet uses pulses of light to create an electromagnetic carrier wave that can be used to

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