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    • Doubly Linked List

      Doubly Linked List

      In a doubly linked list, also called a two-way list, each node is divided into three parts: The first part, called the previous pointer field, contains the address of the preceding element in the list. The second part contains the information of the list. The third part, called the next pointer field, contains the address

    • Deleting an Element from a Heap

      Deleting an Element from a Heap

      Deleting an Element from the Heap Deletion always occurs at the root of the heap. If we delete the root element it creates a hole or vacant space at the root position. Because the heap must be complete, we fill the hole with the last element of the heap. Although the heap becomes complete, i.e.

    • Type Conversion – Class to Basic Type

      Type Conversion – Class to Basic Type

      The constructor handles the task of converting basic types to class types very well. But you cannot use constructors for converting class types to basic data types. Instead, you can define an overloaded casting operator that can be used to convert a class data type into a basic data type. The general form of an

    • Traversing and Searching a Linear Linked List

      Traversing and Searching a Linear Linked List

      Traversing a list A linear list can be traversed in two ways In order traversal Reverse order traversal In order Traversal To traverse the linear linked list, we walk the list using the pointers, and process each element until we reach the last element. .cf { font-family: Lucida Console; font-size: 9pt; color: black; background: white;

    • Circular Queue

      Circular Queue

      The difficulty of managing front and rear in an array-based non-circular queue can be overcome if we treat the queue position with index 0 as if it comes after the last position (in our case, index 9), i.e., we treat the queue as circular. Note that we use the same array declaration of the queue.

    • Deleting an Element from a Doubly Linked List

      Deleting an Element from a Doubly Linked List

      To delete an element from the list, first the pointers are set properly and then the memory occupied by the node to be deleted is deallocated (freed). Deletion in the list can take place at the following positions. At the beginning of the list At the end of the list After a given element Before

    • Address Calculation Sort

      In this method, a function fn() is applied to each key. The result of this function determines into which of the several sub-files the record is to be placed. The function should have the property that x <= y, fn (x) <= fn (y). Such a function is called order preserving. Thus all of the

    • Breadth First Search Algorithm

      Breadth First Search Algorithm

      A breadth first search traversal method, visits all the successors of a visited node before visiting any successor of any of its child nodes. This is a contradiction to depth first traversal method; which visits the successor of a visited node before visiting any of its brothers, i.e., children of the same parent. A depth

    • Type Conversion – Class to Class

      Type Conversion – Class to Class

      Now that we have understood how to convert basic data types to class types and vice-versa, it is time to learn how to convert objects of one class type to another class type. The conversion between objects of different classes can be done using either a one-argument constructor or a conversion function. The choice depends

    • Type Conversion – Basic to Class Type

      Type Conversion – Basic to Class Type

      The conversion from basic to user defined data types can be done using constructors. Consider the following constructor: .cf { font-family: Lucida Console; font-size: 9pt; color: black; background: white; } .cl { margin: 0px; } .cb1 { color: green; } .cb2 { color: blue; } .cb3 { color: maroon; }   String :: String(char *a)

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