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    • ESR Spectroscopy

      ESR Spectroscopy

      ESR Spectroscopy (Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy or Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy) is a technique used for studying chemical species that have one or more “free radical” or unpaired electrons. Most stable molecules only have paired electrons without any free radicals, so ESR Spectroscopy is used less often than NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) Spectroscopy, the usual

    • How Laser Skin Tightening Works

      How Laser Skin Tightening Works

      Laser skin tightening is done through the use of lasers to tighten the old and “loose” skin to give the appearance of youthful skin. After the technology was changed in the early 1990s from the ablative technology to the non-ablative technology, the risk and the recovery times from the treatments have greatly lessened. Especially the

    • How Fiber Optic Lights Work

      How Fiber Optic Lights Work

      Fiber optic lines, which can be as thin as a piece of human hair, are made of strands of glass that are optically pure. They are used to transmit light signals, and have the ability to carry these signals over long distances. How is Light Transmitted Through Fiber Optics? The process by which light is

    • What is Stereoscopic Vision?

      What is Stereoscopic Vision?

      The term stereoscopic vision refers to the human ability to view with both eyes in similar, but slightly different ways. This allows humans to judge distance, which develops their ability to have true depth perception. Historically, the human’s ability to view the world through stereoscopic sight has given him/her a significant advantage over entities and

    • Combustible Gas Detectors

      Combustible Gas Detectors

      A combustible gas detector is a device that allows the user to detect and analyze any nearby concentrations of combustible gases. Combustible gases are simply gases that will catch on fire when mixed with oxygen and ignited. There are many different types of combustible gases and each one requires its own method of analysis. Some

    • How Magnets Work

      How Magnets Work

      A magnet is an object formed out of any type of material that can produce its own magnetic field. Such materials include hard magnets and soft magnets. Examples of hard magnets are neodymium magnets and refrigerator magnets which always remember the way in which they were magnetized.Examples of soft magnets are electromagnets, which can be

    • Automatic Number Plate Recognition

      Automatic Number Plate Recognition

      Automatic number plate recognition is a system designed to automatically recognize and store license plate number data on vehicles passing through a certain point. This is one of the mass surveillance systems that utilize optical character recognition programs and hardware capable of reading 1 plate/second off vehicles running at a maximum of 160 km/hr. Some

    • What is Rhodium Plating?

      What is Rhodium Plating?

      Rhodium plating is a type of metal plating that prevents an object from being scratched or tarnished and improves the object’s color quality. Rhodium is a precious metal that is five to twenty-five times as expensive as gold and is used for plating jewelry and other objects in order to make them brighter, smoother, and

    • How a Nuclear Bomb Works

      How a Nuclear Bomb Works

      A nuclear bomb uses a nuclear reaction to generate energy (heat and radiated particles). The energy released is millions or in some cases billions of time stronger than TNT; the whole process is carried out in a very short time, providing huge destructive power. There are two types of nuclear reactions, fission and fusion. During

    • Potassium Carbonate Dihydrate

      Potassium Carbonate Dihydrate

      Potassium carbonate dihydrate (K2CO3.2H2O) is a white chemical. Salt from potassium carbonate and water from the dihydrate are mixed into a deliquescent (wet salt). It is a strong alkaline solution that garners a variety of uses. The salt tastes like salt and alkaline material. Potassium carbonate dihydrate is generally used as a nutritional supplement in

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