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    • How to Use a Digital Multimeter

      How to Use a Digital Multimeter

      Anyone planning to work on electronics or automobiles that have been manufactured in the past decade, need to be able to use a digital multimeter. Modern multimeters contain three measuring devices in one: an ammeter, voltmeter, and ohmmeter. The top section of the device contains the digital read out and it can be viewed in

    • Amplitude Modulation

      Amplitude Modulation

      Amplitude modulation is a type of modulation where the carrier signal’s amplitude is varied in accordance with the information bearing signal. The amplitude modulated signal’s envelope or boundary embeds the information bearing signal. The total power of the transmitted signal varies with the modulating signal, whereas the carrier power remains constant. A nonlinear device combines

    • Radio Repeater

      Radio Repeater

      Portable radios are limited in the power at which they can transmit, usually somewhere between .5 watts and 5 watts. A very rough rule of thumb is that one watt equals one mile of range over flat and open terrain. Buildings and mountains will, of course, greatly modify effective range. When two radios communicate directly

    • Capacitive Reactance

      Capacitive Reactance

      Capacitive reactance is a term used to describe an effect in capacitors that causes the capacitor’s resistance to change depending on changes in the electric field passing through it. Capacitive reactance is similar to resistance in that it can allow or block varying amounts of voltage in a circuit, but is different because it is

    • MS Connectors

      MS Connectors

      MIL-C-5015, now known popularly as MS connectors, are multi-pin, highly durable connectors that were originally invented for use in military applications. They have a variety of features that makes them easy to use for nearly any application and are often found in a variety of advanced, high power, heavy duty devices in the industrial world.

    • Bessel Filter

      Bessel Filter

      A Bessel filter is a linear filter that is used in electronics and signal processing and has a flat group delay (also referred to as a maximally linear phase response). These filters are commonly used in audio crossover systems and preserve the wave shape of any filtered signals across the group delay in the passband.

    • Yagi Antenna

      Yagi Antenna

      Yagi Antennas are one of the most well-known directional antennas in use throughout the world and are used for communications in the medium range of three to five miles between two points. They can also be used as a bridge antenna to connect clients to an access point. The original inventors of the antenna design

    • Opto Isolator

      Opto Isolator

      An opto isolator is an electronic device that prevents high voltages from components in one side of a circuit from damaging or interfering with components on the other side of the same circuit. Opto isolators regulate voltage levels by converting electricity into a beam of light. This prevents voltage spikes from impacting more than a single

    • Feedhorn


      The feedhorn is the part of a satellite dish system which gathers the reflected signal from the dish and focuses it towards the LNB. It is a type of horn antenna that is deployed to convey radio signals between the transceiver and the reflector antenna. Horn antennas basically effect a transition between waves propagating through

    • Linear Amplifier

      Linear Amplifier

      Linear amplifiers are electronic circuits that have an output that is proportional to the input of the device while providing additional power to the load. A linear amplifier is normally a variant of a radio-frequency (RF) power amplifier and is used frequently in amateur radio and in laboratory and commercial audio equipment with an output

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