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    • How Sand is Formed

      How Sand is Formed

      Sand is a sedimentary material; loose grains of worn out and disintegrated rocks. Sand is of fine granules with grains ranging between 0.06 and 2.0 mm in diameter. Sand is a naturally occurring fragmented material comprised of tiny particles of decomposed rocks, shells, or corals. So how does sand come about? As mentioned before, nature

    • Potassium Chlorate

      Potassium Chlorate

      Potassium chlorate is a chemical compound that contains chlorine, oxygen, and potassium. In its pure form, it is white and crystalline in appearance. It is the most common chlorate used in industry, school, research, and commercial labs. Potassium chlorate is commonly used: to prepare oxygen, in safety matches, as an oxidizing agent, in fireworks and

    • How Traffic Lights Work

      How Traffic Lights Work

      Traffic lights are basically signalling lights placed at crossroads or turning-points to regulate the flow of vehicular traffic. This system is of utmost importance specially in populated traffic zones to avoid accidents and human casualties. That is most cities deploy traffic signals on every road. Less traffic oriented areas in villages and country side may

    • What is Mars Made Of?

      What is Mars Made Of?

      The planet Mars has held a place of intrigue with humanity for many centuries. Also known as the “Red Planet,” Mars can be seen with the naked eye and looks red due to the large red desert covering its surface and the presence of a large amount of ferric oxide. As the fourth planet in

    • What is Luminous Flux?

      What is Luminous Flux?

      Luminous flux (luminous power) is the measurement of the (perceived) power of light. It is adjusted to take the human eye’s sensitivity to the different wavelengths of light into account. Luminous flux differs from radiant flux in this manner, since radiant flux is a measurement of the total power of light emitted independent of wavelength.

    • Driverless Cars

      Driverless Cars

      A driverless car (also autonomous/autopilot/auto-drive car) refers to a car that does not need human intervention to function. The first driverless car achieved a maximum speed of 20 miles-per-hour and was built by Tsukuba Mechanical Engineering Laboratory in 1977. The Mercedes Benz robot van built during the 1980s achieved a full speed of 60 miles-per-hour

    • Angular Acceleration

      Angular Acceleration

      Angular acceleration is the rate of change of a body’s angular velocity compared to time. It is considered a vector quantity since it has a direction and magnitude. Angular acceleration is similar to linear acceleration except that it travels on an arc. Scientifically, it is equal to (final angular velocity – initial angular velocity) /

    • Earth Cooling Tubes

      Earth Cooling Tubes

      Earth cooling tubes present an alternative for controlling temperature within residential and office buildings as well as greenhouses and other structures requiring temperature regulation. These tubes run underground and alter air’s cooling or heating temperature before it is allowed into a home or office. En route, the air releases its heat to the surrounding soil

    • How Do Quasars Form?

      How Do Quasars Form?

      Quasars are a phenomena that, to this day, continue to baffle and confuse astronomers. There are different theories. One is that a quasar is formed from a super, massive black hole. Another theory is that a quasar is actually a baby galaxy and is at the earliest stages of development. However, since no one really

    • Harmonic Balancer

      Harmonic Balancer

      A harmonic balancer is a device that is connected to an engine’s crankshaft in order to reduce any vibration’s negative impact on the crankshaft and to dissipate the energy that shaft rotation creates. Since the device is the engine compartment’s first element that is connected to the shaft, it absorbs the majority of the energy

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