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    • Humidity Sensors

      Humidity Sensors

      Humidity sensors (hygrometers) measure and report the air’s relative humidity. They are used in homes, wine cellars, and working environments that that are so humid that they negatively impact working conditions. Humidity sensors are also used in vehicles, industrial HVAC systems, and meteorological stations to help in the predicting and reporting of weather conditions. How

    • Types of Nuclear Fuel

      Types of Nuclear Fuel

      The different nuclear processes will use different types of fuel. In general terms: Fission reactions will use fissile heavy elements Fusion will use fusible light elements The convection point is iron. Elements heavier that iron will have higher mass than its parts and yield energy when they break apart. Lighter elements that iron will have

    • Hot Water Circulators

      Hot Water Circulators

      A hot water circulator (circulator pump) is a device that circulates hot water through a house’s pipes so that hot water is always instantly available. In traditional one-way plumbing systems, water is run through a hot water heater and directed through the pipes towards the taps whenever a tap is turned on. When a tap

    • What is a Pitot Tube?

      What is a Pitot Tube?

      A pitot tube measures pressure levels in liquids. They are most commonly seen in laboratory settings but can be seen in industrial applications as small cylinders. While a pitot tube is not the only device that measures fluid pressure, it is capable of being implemented in much more diverse environments than similar devices. How Pitot

    • Linear Particle Accelerator

      Linear Particle Accelerator

      A linear particle accelerator is a large device that can speed up electrons, ions, or other particles and slam them into a target in order to release subatomic particles and radiation. Sensors then record these by-products, send their data to a central computer system that creates a digital, 3D image of the particle, and labels

    • How Do Rockets Work?

      How Do Rockets Work?

      Since the United States first landed a man on the moon, children and adults have been fascinated with how rockets work! Whether one is trying to fly a small model rocket or launching a star ship to rendezvous with the International Space Station, the principles of how rockets work remain the same. Although rocketry has

    • Total Harmonic Distortion

      Total Harmonic Distortion

      Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) is a measured difference in audio levels between the input audio signal’s harmonics and the harmonics of the output audio signal of an amplifier or other audio device. Output Distortion Level As the signal passes through an amplifier it is always somewhat distorted at its output. The waveform at the input

    • What is the Tyndall Effect?

      What is the Tyndall Effect?

      The Tyndall Effect refers to the reflection of light as it comes in contact with small particles in a translucent medium. It involves the scattering of light in different colors depending on how short or long a particular wavelength is. For example, the Tyndall Effect can describe the haze seen as light travels through a

    • What is Electrotherapy?

      What is Electrotherapy?

      Electrotherapy is a medical technique in which an electric current is used to perform a wide variety of tasks associated with pain, neurological disorders, muscle-related conditions, and drug delivery. Electrotherapy includes a range of medical techniques, some of which are under much debate and criticism. While electrotherapy itself is an accepted form of medical treatment,

    • What Are Ionic Compounds?

      What Are Ionic Compounds?

      An ionic compound is any compound in which an electrostatic force holds the ions together. Ionic compounds are made of positively charged particles that rest against negatively charged particles in order to balance out the two particles’ magnetic imbalance. They can be found in both solid and liquid states, although solid ionic compounds are poor

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