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    • How Do Ocean Currents Affect Climate?

      How Do Ocean Currents Affect Climate?

      Ocean currents are one of the main factors that affect climate. Other factors are proximity from the equator, distance from the sea, direction of prevailing winds and relief (mountains). But, for the most part, ocean currents act as one of the most important factors that influence the climate. And the reason why is because a

    • What is Mossbauer Spectroscopy?

      What is Mossbauer Spectroscopy?

      Mossbauer Spectroscopy is a multipurpose technique that is applied in various scientific fields including Physics, Biology, and Metallurgy. It is most useful in deriving accurate data about the chemical, structural, and magnetic properties of a material. This technique exists today due to the discovery of the resonant absorption and recoil-less emission of nuclear y-rays, now

    • Potassium Perchlorate

      Potassium Perchlorate

      Potassium Perchlorate (Potassium Chlorate (VII), perchloric acid, potassium salt, peroidin, and KClO4) is an inorganic salt that is used as a strong oxidizer. The function of potassium perchlorate’s oxidizer trait really depends on the chemical use. Potassium Perchlorate can be found in the following common items: Fireworks – Fireworks have many chemical compounds inside them,

    • What is Malleability?

      What is Malleability?

      Malleability refers to metals’ (and other hard materials’) ability to be stretched, shaped, or molded through applied pressure. While not all objects are malleable, most metals are. This is the reason that metals such as gold, silver, and platinum, are used to make jewelry and electronic circuits. Malleable objects can usually be reshaped and molded

    • What is an Ultrasonic Pest Repeller?

      What is an Ultrasonic Pest Repeller?

      An Ultrasonic Pest Repeller is an electronic device that uses ultrasonic sound waves to repel insects, rodents, and other pests. Though humans are incapable of hearing these sounds, many animals, insects, and rodents can. There is much debate concerning the ultrasonic pest repeller’s ability to actually get rid of pests. While some people claim that

    • How a Space Station Works

      How a Space Station Works

      What was once only a dream has now become a reality as space travel is a regular activity in our society. With thousands of satellites in orbit, the Hubble Space Telescope that can see other galaxies, regular shuttle launches, and prototypes for vehicles that can fly in and out of the atmosphere, it makes sense

    • Vibration Measurement

      Vibration Measurement

      Vibration measurements are made in order to identify when preventive or corrective repairs are required on machinery. These repairs are made in order to reduce or eliminate the noise that damaged equipment make. This prevents catastrophic failure of the equipment. Vibration measurements are frequently made on process control equipment and rotating machinery such as the

    • Specific Gravity

      Specific Gravity

      Specific gravity is a special case of relative density. That is, a substance’s density is divided by the density of water at 4 F (0 C). Since water has a density of 1 gram/cm3 and all of the units cancel, specific gravity is the same number as density, but without any units (dimensionless). Relative density

    • Total Harmonic Distortion

      Total Harmonic Distortion

      Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) is a measured difference in audio levels between the input audio signal’s harmonics and the harmonics of the output audio signal of an amplifier or other audio device. Output Distortion Level As the signal passes through an amplifier it is always somewhat distorted at its output. The waveform at the input

    • Backscatter X-Ray

      Backscatter X-Ray

      Backscatter X-ray machines were built specifically for airport security. Backscatter X-ray technology can strip off a person’s clothing in the captured image to show him or her practically naked. In the process, it will show any contraband such as ceramic knives, liquid explosives or drugs that the person was carrying but were previously undetectable by

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