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    • Boltzmann Constant

      Boltzmann Constant

      The Boltzmann Constant (Boltzmann’s Constant) is a fundamental physics constant that plays a pivotal role in almost every single statistical formulation in both quantum and classical physics. It is named after Austrian physicist, Ludwig Boltzmann (1844 – 1906), who made significant contributions to the foundation and development of a particular branch of theoretical physics known

    • What is a Diopter?

      What is a Diopter?

      A diopter is a lens that bends light in order to magnify an object. Diopters can be used to enlarge small objects or see across far distances and are generally integrated into other objects in order to maximize efficiency and accessibility. A diopter can also refer to a measurement that describes a lens’s optical power

    • Throttle Position Sensor

      Throttle Position Sensor

      A throttle position sensor is a device that can detect a difference in throttle position. The Engine Control Unit (ECU) uses throttle position sensors in internal combustion engines to gauge the throttle’s position as well as the rate of change in the throttle’s position in order to relay this information to other devices in the

    • Air Circulators

      Air Circulators

      An air circulator is basically a fan. Although the term “air circulator” most often refers to an industrial fan that is used in a warehouse, factory, or office building, it can also refer to a regular household fan. Air circulators also refer to air conditioning units and other types of air cooling devices. They are

    • Clean Gas Induction

      Clean Gas Induction

      Clean gas induction, commonly referred to as CGI, is a technology found in specific types of engines to reduce harmful environmental emissions and improve fuel efficiency. Clean gas induction technology is found in specific types of engines including stratified charge engines and engines using Caterpillar ACERT technology. It should be noted that this technology is

    • What is a Refractometer?

      What is a Refractometer?

      Refractometers measure the refractive index of liquids, gases, and translucent solids such as gemstones. The measurement of how much the speed of light is reduced when traveling through a gas, solid, or solution is referred to as the refractive index. When the device is used to test liquids, it typically measures the salinity, fluid concentration,

    • Acrylic Adhesives

      Acrylic Adhesives

      An acrylic adhesive is a resin-based adhesive that is comprised of acrylic or methylacrylic polymers. It is rather complicated to produce acrylic adhesives as they must be formed into a polymer, suspended in a catalyst, and cured. Acrylic adhesives are very strong and efficient at bonding multiple objects together. They are resistant to sunlight, not

    • Mannitol Salt Agar

      Mannitol Salt Agar

      In order to grow a bacterial culture in a lab, a growth medium has to be used to provide the right environment. Mannitol salt agar is a popular bacterial growth medium that biologists use to grow halphile bacteria (these grow fast in high salt concentrations) and can tell the difference between non-pathogenic and pathogenic Staphylococcus

    • Potassium Dichromate

      Potassium Dichromate

      Potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7) is an inorganic chemical reagent that is normally used as an oxidizer in industrial and laboratory applications. It is used to oxidize alcohols and convert primary alcohols to aldehydes and sometimes carboxylic acids. Unlike similar processes that use permanganate, only carboxylic acids result. The secondary alcohols are converted into ketones and no

    • How Does an Ultrasonic Nebulizer Work?

      How Does an Ultrasonic Nebulizer Work?

      An ultrasonic nebulizer is a small, portable device that uses ultrasonic sound waves to break liquid particles down into a fog so that they can be inhaled easily. Patients who have asthma, COPD, pneumonia, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or other chronic conditions, most often use them for medicinal purposes. While other devices can deliver the medicine

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