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    • Harmonic Scalpel

      Harmonic Scalpel

      Electrosurgery is the the term used when high-frequency electrical current is used to cut, fulgurate, desiccate, or coagulate tissue with very little blood loss during surgery. The Harmonic scalpel is one of two competing brands in this field that help increase a surgeon’s efficiency and reduce the overall recovery time for patients. The device consists

    • Boltzmann Constant

      Boltzmann Constant

      The Boltzmann Constant (Boltzmann’s Constant) is a fundamental physics constant that plays a pivotal role in almost every single statistical formulation in both quantum and classical physics. It is named after Austrian physicist, Ludwig Boltzmann (1844 – 1906), who made significant contributions to the foundation and development of a particular branch of theoretical physics known

    • What is an Acetylene Torch?

      What is an Acetylene Torch?

      Acetylene is a hydrocarbon compound and is the simplest form of alkyne. Acetylene is colorless and extremely unstable in its pure form, which is why it is almost always mixed with other chemicals and handled as a solution. Acetylene was once the preferred gas in welding/cutting applications due to its ability to reach extremely high

    • What is Photolithography?

      What is Photolithography?

      Photolithography is the process of making integrated circuits through optical erosion. Rather than directly cutting into an integrated circuit, photolithography is used due to its ability to perform more precise incisions. Photolithography is a highly complex technique and requires both an extremely clean substrate surface and ideal temperature conditions. It can only be used to

    • What Are Pennies Made Of?

      What Are Pennies Made Of?

      Before 1982, the penny was made of copper which is why they, unlike most other coins, don't look silver. However, after 1982, the U.S. government realized that it was too expensive to make a penny–more than the penny was worth in money–so they decided, instead, to make it with a mixture of two different metals.

    • Terahertz Radiation

      Terahertz Radiation

      Terahertz radiation is a selection of the electromagnetic wave spectrum that propagates at frequencies regarded as the terahertz band. ‘Radiation physics of energetic waves’ defines the terahertz band as tremendously high frequency. The terahertz band can be applied within the bracket of 300 gigahertz (high frequency microwave) and 3000 gigahertz (long wavelength far infrared light).

    • How Does an Ultrasonic Nebulizer Work?

      How Does an Ultrasonic Nebulizer Work?

      An ultrasonic nebulizer is a small, portable device that uses ultrasonic sound waves to break liquid particles down into a fog so that they can be inhaled easily. Patients who have asthma, COPD, pneumonia, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or other chronic conditions, most often use them for medicinal purposes. While other devices can deliver the medicine

    • Perigee


      Perigee is a term used to describe the closest point at which an object orbits the Earth or another object in space. When an object is at its perigee, it travels faster than it does at any other point in its orbit because it is under the influence of the strongest gravitational force that its

    • What is a Rotameter?

      What is a Rotameter?

      A rotameter is a device that measures the flow rate of a liquid or gas in a tube. Karl Kueppers invented the rotameter in 1908, which has been widely used since then for a variety of applications. Rotameters are included in a class of devices known as “variable area meters” that depend on the substance

    • Hoverboards


      Hoverboards in movies are fictional, but there are actual hoverboards — though they are not the size of a skateboard. Hoverboards are simple contraptions that allow the user to travel without parts that would roll over the ground. Hoverboards are an offshoot of the hovercraft. The hovercraft (also known as air-cushion vehicle or ACV) is

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