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    • What is Rhodium Plating?

      What is Rhodium Plating?

      Rhodium plating is a type of metal plating that prevents an object from being scratched or tarnished and improves the object’s color quality. Rhodium is a precious metal that is five to twenty-five times as expensive as gold and is used for plating jewelry and other objects in order to make them brighter, smoother, and

    • How a Nuclear Bomb Works

      How a Nuclear Bomb Works

      A nuclear bomb uses a nuclear reaction to generate energy (heat and radiated particles). The energy released is millions or in some cases billions of time stronger than TNT; the whole process is carried out in a very short time, providing huge destructive power. There are two types of nuclear reactions, fission and fusion. During

    • Brookfield Viscometer

      Brookfield Viscometer

      The Brookfield Viscometer makes it possible to measure viscosity by employing techniques in viscometry. Viscometers (which can also be called viscosimeters) can measure viscosity through the varying flow conditions of the sample material being tested. They employ a spindle on a shaft that is designed to be dipped or immersed into a liquid that is

    • Magnetorheological Fluid

      Magnetorheological Fluid

      Magnetorheological fluid or MR fluid is a special material used for building smart structures that can withstand earthquakes. The Magnetorheological fluid can change from liquid to solid and vice versa. It makes the buildings of which it is a component particularly flexible so they can adapt to external force that would have made other more

    • Potassium Carbonate Dihydrate

      Potassium Carbonate Dihydrate

      Potassium carbonate dihydrate (K2CO3.2H2O) is a white chemical. Salt from potassium carbonate and water from the dihydrate are mixed into a deliquescent (wet salt). It is a strong alkaline solution that garners a variety of uses. The salt tastes like salt and alkaline material. Potassium carbonate dihydrate is generally used as a nutritional supplement in

    • What Are Pennies Made Of?

      What Are Pennies Made Of?

      Before 1982, the penny was made of copper which is why they, unlike most other coins, don't look silver. However, after 1982, the U.S. government realized that it was too expensive to make a penny–more than the penny was worth in money–so they decided, instead, to make it with a mixture of two different metals.

    • Waste Oil Burners

      Waste Oil Burners

      Waste oil is the term used to refer to any petroleum-based/synthetic oil that is no longer considered usable. This may be due to the presence of excessive impurities, loss of the oil’s original properties, or just from the oil being over-exposed to the elements. A classic problem for society has been how to dispose of

    • Examples of Kinetic Energy

      Examples of Kinetic Energy

      Kinetic energy is the energy of motion. It is also referred to as energy in motion, or as the work required to take an object from being at rest to action/movement. Mathematically, kinetic energy is calculated as ½ of the mass of a body, multiplied by the speed of the body squared, KE=1/2 mv^2. Where

    • What is FTIR Spectroscopy?

      What is FTIR Spectroscopy?

      FTIR spectroscopy (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy) is a technique that uses infrared light to observe properties of a solid, liquid, or gas. It is used in many different applications to measure the absorption, emission, and photo-conductivity of matter by shining a narrow beam of infrared light at the matter in various wavelengths and detecting how

    • What is Phosphorescence?

      What is Phosphorescence?

      Phosphorescence is an effect in which some chemicals re-emit light that they absorb. It is similar to fluorescence, except that the chemical reactions within phosphorescent materials happen less often, thus they take longer to emit light. Phosphorescent materials can be recharged by being exposed to light and may store light for several hours before it

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