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    • Understanding and Implementing Smart Card Authentication

      Understanding and Implementing Smart Card Authentication

      An Overview on Authentication and Smart Cards Administrators have to secure the network from attacks launched by hackers, spies, terrorists, thieves and criminals. Security encompasses numerous technologies, protocols, standards, policies, passwords, and secret keys. All these mechanisms typically focus on the following: Authentication Access Control Data Protection Auditing/Accountability Authentication is the process by which an

    • Understanding the Microsoft Model

      Understanding the Microsoft Model

      Microsoft Model Overview Before Windows NT 3.1 was released, users had to obtain the TCP/IP protocol suite from a third party, and then install it. This was necessary for users to connect to the network, which in turn usually resulted in a number of issues. When it came to network communication, the TCP/IP software which

    • Creating and Managing Domain Controllers

      Creating and Managing Domain Controllers

      Understanding the Different Server Roles The server roles that exist in a networking environment are standalone servers, member servers and domain controllers. A standalone server is a computer that is not member of a domain, and can be a computer running Windows NT 4, Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003. A test server is a

    • 0x000000f4

      0x000000f4

      What is Error Code 0x000000f4? Error code 0x000000f4 occurs when a computer process, program, or critical program thread unexpectedly terminates and the computer’s Operating System can no longer function on the Microsoft Windows OS. Error code 0x000000f4 is also known as the Windows Blue Screen of Death (BSOD). This error occurs more frequently on Windows

    • How to Install DirectX

      How to Install DirectX

      To install DirectX, it is recommended that the latest DirectX version is downloaded directly from Microsoft. Go to the Latest DirectX End-User Runtime download page using Internet Explorer. Click the Download button. Click the Run button to run dxwebsetup.exe immediately. Click the next Run button. Check the circle next to “I accept the agreement.” Click

    • How to Change the Windows Toolbar

      How to Change the Windows Toolbar

      The toolbar is a component of the Graphical User Interface (GUI) that houses various input and output components such as buttons, menus, icons and so on. End-users can customize toolbars as per their personal requirements. Toolbars can be found in operating systems, software applications, and web browsers. The latest development in toolbar interfacing is the

    • Developing a Test Network

      Developing a Test Network

      Planning the Test Network Environment Any successful network design deployment includes a testing strategy, and the execution of the testing plan. To test the network design, you have to plan the test network or environment, and then create the test network. A testing environment can contain one lab or multiple labs. You can build various

    • afd.sys

      afd.sys

      Afd.sys (Windows Ancillary Function Driver) is a driver for Winsock, which is a program necessary to connect the computer to the Internet. It runs when the computer is booted and is responsible for all Internet connections on the computer, including wireless, LAN, browser, and third-party application connections. Afd.sys is a critical part of the Windows

    • NTFS Permissions

      NTFS Permissions

      An Overview of NTFS In order to store data on a local partition on a Windows server, you have to format it with a file system. The system that you use influences the manner in which data is stored on the disk. It also specifies the security that can be defined for folders and files

    • DFS (Distributed File System)

      DFS (Distributed File System)

      DFS (Distributed File System) provides a mechanism for administrators to create logical views of folders and files, regardless of where those files are physically located on the network. DFS also allows administrators to distribute shared folders and work loads across several servers for more efficient network and server resources use. Fault tolerance network storage resources

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