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    • How to Maintain Active Directory

      How to Maintain Active Directory

      Maintaining an Active Directory is a very important administrative task that one must schedule regularly to ensure that, in case of disaster, you can recover your lost or corrupted data and can repair the active directory database. Extensible Storage Engine (ESE) is the active directory database, which manage all the active directory objects in active

    • Not a Valid Win32 Application

      Not a Valid Win32 Application

      The Not a valid Win32 application error message may occur in a number of different scenarios. This indicates that an executable file, application, or program is not able to communicate correctly with the Windows API. The error may occur during or after the installation of an application, program, or in certain cases – hardware. The

    • Directory Partitions

      Directory Partitions

      The Active Directory database is logically separated into directory partitions: Schema partition Configuration partition Domain partition Application partition Each partition is a unit of replication and each partition has its own replication topology. Replication occurs between directory partition replicas. Minimum two directory partitions are common among all domain controllers in the same forest: the schema

    • How Windows File Swapping works

      How Windows File Swapping works

      The major advantage of the Microsoft Windows operating system over the previous Disk Operating System (DOS) is that one can open and use multiple programs at the same time; hence the term “Windows” (as in having several windows – or programs or applications – open at one and the same time). This led to the

    • How to Open TCP Ports in Windows

      How to Open TCP Ports in Windows

      Opening TCP ports in Windows may be necessary for certain applications to run correctly. Each application may require a specific port to operate on. While a computer can and does open ports on its own, it may have to be done manually in certain situations. Here is a simple procedure. Step 1. Launch Windows and

    • Authentication Types

      Authentication Types

      What is Authentication Authentication is the process whereby the system identifies legitimate users from unauthorized users. It is the process in which a user identifies his/her self to the system. How effective an authentication process is, is determined by the authentication protocols and mechanisms being used. Windows Server 2003 provides a few different authentication types

    • Group Policy

      Group Policy

      Group Policy gives users administrative control over people and computers in the user’s network. By using Group Policy, users can define the state of someone’s work environment once, then rely on Windows Server 2003 to continually force the Group Policy settings applied across an entire organization or to specific groups of people and computers. Group

    • Bluescreen 0x0000007b

      Bluescreen 0x0000007b

      The bluescreen 0x0000007b error is associated with the Microsoft Windows BSOD (Blue Screen of Death). When the error is encountered, Windows will display one or both of the following errors: “STOP: 0x0000007B” and/or  “INACCESSIBLE_BOOT_DEVICE.” The error is most commonly associated with the attempt to boot from a device that is not accessible. This does not

    • Managing Recipient Objects, Address Lists, and Distribution and Administrative Groups

      Managing Recipient Objects, Address Lists, and Distribution and Administrative Groups

      Recipient Objects Overview Active Directory objects such as user accounts, contacts and groups become recipient objects when e-mail address information is added to the object. The public folder is another type of recipient object. A public folder does not however usually have its own an email address. Exchange Server 2003 supports the following types of

    • How to Create a Windows Vista Boot Disk

      How to Create a Windows Vista Boot Disk

      In order to create a Windows Vista boot disk, the Windows Vista operating system’s ISO file must be located and downloaded. Microsoft, Dell, and several other computer manufacturers have this file as a downloadable version of the operating system disk, and allows users to create their own disk without having to wait for a physical

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