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  • Network Security

    • Packet Sniffers

      Packet Sniffers

      Packet sniffing is listening (with software) to the raw network device for interesting packets. When the software sees a packet that fits certain criteria, it logs it to a file. The most common criterion for an interesting packet is one that contains words like “login” or “password.” To packet sniff, obtain or code a packet

    • Packet Fragmentation

      Packet Fragmentation

      Every packet based network has an MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) size. The MTU is the size of the largest packet that that network can transmit. Packets larger than the allowable MTU must be divided into smaller packets or fragments to enable them to traverse the network. Network Standard MTU Ethernet 1500 Token Ring 4096 Packet

    • Free Firewall Software

      Free Firewall Software

      Free firewalls have become very common and represent an excellent alternative to commercial firewall packages. Most of these firewalls run under some form of Linux, FreeBSD, or OpenBSD. Many of these free firewalls are front-ends for the lower-level firewall packages which ship with these operating systems, such as pf (Packet Filter), ipf (IPFilter), ipfw (IPFirewall),

    • What Are the Effects of Computer Hacking?

      What Are the Effects of Computer Hacking?

      Hacking as a Destructive Tool The common stance on hacking with the average person is that it is morally wrong. There have been several instances where hacking has proven to have caused problems. Hacking can create a variety of damages to people, groups and systems of broad spectrum. Negative Hacking Interactions: Identity Theft – Some hackers can

    • LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)

      LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)

      LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a protocol for communications between LDAP servers and LDAP clients. LDAP servers store "directories" which are access by LDAP clients. LDAP is called lightweight because it is a smaller and easier protocol which was derived from the X.500 DAP (Directory Access Protocol) defined in the OSI network protocol stack.

    • Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks

      Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks

      A Denial of Service (DoS) attack is one that attempts to prevent the victim from being able to use all or part of his/her network connection. A denial of service attack may target a user to prevent him/her from making outgoing connections on the network. It may also target an entire organization to either prevent

    • IP Address Spoofing

      IP Address Spoofing

      IP address spoofing denotes the action of generating IP packets with fake source IP addresses in order to impersonate other systems or to protect the identity of the sender. Spoofing can also refer to forging or using fake headers on emails or netnews to – again – protect the identity of the sender and to

    • LDAP Security Issues

      LDAP Security Issues

      RFC 2829 – Authentication Methods for LDAP defines the basic threats to an LDAP directory service: Unauthorized access to data via data-fetching operations, Unauthorized access to reusable client authentication information by monitoring others' access, Unauthorized access to data by monitoring others' access, Unauthorized modification of data, Unauthorized modification of configuration, Unauthorized or excessive use of

    • Port Forwarding

      Port Forwarding

      Port forwarding, also known as tunneling, is basically forwarding a network port from one node to the other. This forwarding technique allows an outside user to access a certain port (in a LAN) through a NAT (network address translation) enabled router. Advantages of Port Forwarding Port forwarding basically allows an outside computer to connect to

    • Firewalls

      Firewalls

      A firewall is a software component that restricts unauthorized inward network access. It allows outward information flow. It is set up to control traffic flow between two networks by configured permissions like Allow, Deny, Block, Encrypt, etc. It is normally employed to avoid illegal access to personal computers or corporate networks from external unsafe entities

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