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    • Access Control

      Access Control

      Access control is the execution of limitations and restrictions on whoever tries to occupy a certain protected property, thereby keeping people as safe as possible. As modern society moves further into the cyber age, these access control systems become almost completely computer controlled. This article will further explain what access control is, how it works,

    • TCP Sequence Prediction Attack

      TCP Sequence Prediction Attack

      A TCP sequence prediction attack is an attempt to hijack an existing TCP session by injecting packets which pretend to come from one computer involved in the TCP session. The TCP Sequence Prediction Attack TCP is a reliable connection-oriented layer 4 (Transport Layer) protocol. Packet transfer between hosts is accomplished by the layers below layer

    • IKE (Internet Key Exchange)

      IKE (Internet Key Exchange)

      The term Internet Key Exchange refers to the networking protocol that designed to configure a SA (security association) within the IPsec protocol suite of applications. Internet Key Exchange (or IKE) is constructed on top of ISAKMP and the Oakley protocol and is often used in the VPN tunneling process. X.509 certificates are used for authentication

    • How Firewall Protection Works

      How Firewall Protection Works

      Firewall protection works by blocking certain types of traffic between a source and a destination. All network traffic has a source, a destination, and a protocol. This protocol is usually TCP, UDP, or ICMP. If this protocol is TCP or UDP, there is a source port and a destination port. Most often the source port

    • Firewalls


      A firewall is a software component that restricts unauthorized inward network access. It allows outward information flow. It is set up to control traffic flow between two networks by configured permissions like Allow, Deny, Block, Encrypt, etc. It is normally employed to avoid illegal access to personal computers or corporate networks from external unsafe entities

    • How to Monitor Wireless Traffic

      How to Monitor Wireless Traffic

      Wireless traffic is considered to be those Internet protocol packets that are transmitted through an 802.11a, b, g, n, or i wireless protocol. Monitoring Requirements There are a few things to consider when planning to setup wireless traffic monitoring. First, the user must determine what kind of traffic will be monitored. Is the traffic to

    • IP Address Spoofing

      IP Address Spoofing

      IP address spoofing denotes the action of generating IP packets with fake source IP addresses in order to impersonate other systems or to protect the identity of the sender. Spoofing can also refer to forging or using fake headers on emails or netnews to – again – protect the identity of the sender and to

    • Packet Fragmentation

      Packet Fragmentation

      Every packet based network has an MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) size. The MTU is the size of the largest packet that that network can transmit. Packets larger than the allowable MTU must be divided into smaller packets or fragments to enable them to traverse the network. Network Standard MTU Ethernet 1500 Token Ring 4096 Packet

    • LDAP Security Issues

      LDAP Security Issues

      RFC 2829 – Authentication Methods for LDAP defines the basic threats to an LDAP directory service: Unauthorized access to data via data-fetching operations, Unauthorized access to reusable client authentication information by monitoring others' access, Unauthorized access to data by monitoring others' access, Unauthorized modification of data, Unauthorized modification of configuration, Unauthorized or excessive use of

    • Port Scanner

      Port Scanner

      A port scanner is a program which attempts to connect to a list or range of TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) or UDP (User Datagram Protocol) ports on a list or range of IP addresses. Port scanners are used for network mapping and for network security assessments. The first decision to make when running a port

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