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    • What is a Hydrophone?

      What is a Hydrophone?

      A hydrophone is a type of microphone that is specifically designed to be used under water. Hydrophones depend on piezoelectric transducers to detect sound waves and other pressure waves coming from underwater vehicles, animals, and natural structures. Hydrophones were widely used in World War I, and II to detect U-boats (German submarines) and are still

    • Who Invented the Microphone?

      Who Invented the Microphone?

      A microphone is a device that converts acoustic power into electric power. Both the acoustic power and the electric power have similar wave characteristics that convert sound waves into electric voltages that eventually convert back into sound waves through speakers. Microphone were used with the first telephones, and then with radio transmitters soon after. Sir

    • How to Measure Signal Quality

      How to Measure Signal Quality

      Most people usually look to Signal to Noise Ratio to measure the signal quality of either audio or video communications. Signal to noise ratio is usually written either S/N or SNR. Most of the time the signal to noise ratio is measured in decibels. A decibel is a measure of power or loudness. Not to

    • I2S (Inter-IC Sound)

      I2S (Inter-IC Sound)

      I2S is Inter-IC Sound. I2S is a serial bus used to transport digital audio. High-end CD and DVD players feature I2S outputs. I2S inputs are found on some PC sound cards. I2S Pinouts Pin Purpose 1 Word Clock (WCLK) 2 Bit Clock (BCLK) 3 DATA 4 Master Clock (MCLK) 5 DEM The pins on the

    • SPDIF

      SPDIF

      SPDIF, or the Sony/Philips Digital Interconnect Format) is used to carry or transport digital audio signals in consumer electronic equipment such as CD and DVD players, PC audio cards, and car audio systems over short distances. The digital signal can be carried over fiber optic (TOSLINK connectors) or coaxial cable (RCA connectors) and is also

    • Automatic Gain Control

      Automatic Gain Control

      Automatic gain control is a technique implemented in many consumer electronics that automatically adjusts the input levels of a system by inducing a portion of the output levels in the input terminals. Automatic gain control is used in a wide variety of technologies, including telecommunications, navigation, audio/video recordings, and radio systems. Automatic gain control can

    • Voice Changer

      Voice Changer

      A voice changer is exactly what the name states; it changes the sound of your voice. In addition, many voice changers can go further than just changing the sound of your voice, many voice changers can change the gender of a voice (for instance, from female to male) and enhance the voice in many different

    • Digital Audio Cables

      Digital Audio Cables

      One of the significant developments with the widespread adoption of the personal computer for home, business, and school use is the digitalization of media and the subsequent mass adaptation by consumers and industry. While digital media is not a new concept, it has only recently made its way into the “normal” household and is commonly

    • FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec)

      FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec)

      FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) is an audio format similar to MP3, but it is a lossless encoding format, meaning that audio is compressed in FLAC without any loss in quality. FLAC is unique as it is the fastest and most widely supported lossless audio codec, and the only one that at once is non-proprietary,

    • TOSLINK

      TOSLINK

      TOSLINK or Toshiba – LINK is a connection standard for digital audio streams. It is a standard which uses fiber optic cables. The important feature of fiber optic cables is that they convert audio signals into light impulses as opposed to electric signals. TOSLINK cables usually transmit their signals as the red LED lights. The

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