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    • Call Back Security

      Call Back Security

      Call back security, also known as dial back security, is a security mechanism used to authenticate users over dialup lines. The way call back security works is the dialup user calls into the system and enters his username and password. The system then hangs up on the user and calls the user back at a

    • RBOC (Regional Bell Operating Company)

      RBOC (Regional Bell Operating Company)

      RBOC (The Regional Bell Operating Companies) were created as the result of a legal dispute between the US Justice Department and the AT & T Corporation. In 1984, the American Telephone & Telegraph Company split its local operations into 7 autonomous RBOCs that became known as “Baby Bells”. In the beginning, these companies were called

    • How to Unlock a Phone

      How to Unlock a Phone

      Many cell phone users remain confused on what it means to unlock a phone. Most commonly, this term is used to describe the process of removing restrictions placed on using a GSM cell phone by the manufacturer. These restrictions are intended to prevent the mobile phone from being used on competing cell phone carriers or

    • ABCD Tones

      ABCD Tones

      The ABCD tones are additional DTMF tones that may be used in any way the standard (0-9) tones are used. These tones are generated using a Silver Box. Engineers envisioned phones being used to access computers and other devices. This vision led to the addition of the number sign (#, sometimes called ‘octothorpe’ or ‘pound’)

    • Mobile Software

      Mobile Software

      Mobile software refers to software that can be stored and executed on a mobile device such as a cell phone, PDA, smart phone, or similar device. Mobile software can range in its capabilities as some simply change the virtual appearance of the device while others provide important features such as menu layouts and password protection.

    • CNAM (Calling NAMe)

      CNAM (Calling NAMe)

      CNAM (“Calling NAMe”) is an Intelligent Network (IN) service that displays a caller’s name on a digital readout. It is very similar to caller ID except that both the caller’s name and the calling number are displayed on the receiving end of the phone call. This feature only works if the person or organization being

    • How to Find an IMEI

      How to Find an IMEI

      An IMEI, or International Mobile Equipment Identity, number is a number associated with a specific cell phone and can be used by authorities in a wide variety of countries to blacklist stolen cell phones, making them unusable to the thief, even if he/she replaces the phone’s SIM card. An IMEI number should not be confused

    • GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications)

      GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications)

      The Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) system is a widely deployed digital mobile telephony standard that is deployed throughout Europe and other locations around the globe. The GSM standard leverages a variant of TDMA (time division multiple access) and is the most deployed of the three competing legacy digital wireless technologies on the market

    • TL1 (Transaction Language 1)

      TL1 (Transaction Language 1)

      TL1 (Transaction Language 1) is an element management protocol used primarily in the telecommunications industry. TL1 was designed by Bellcore (now Telecordia) in 1984 for use with its OSS (Operations Support System), NMA. TL1 is an MML (Man Machine Language), which means that TL1 messages should be readable and writeable by humans as well as

    • IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity)

      IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity)

      Each GSM and UMTS mobile phone has a unique IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) number. An IMEI number facilitates an important function – it easily identifies a mobile phone being used on a GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) network. The IMEI is a useful tool to stop a stolen phone from accessing a network

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