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    • Examples of Kinetic Energy

      Examples of Kinetic Energy

      Kinetic energy is the energy of motion. It is also referred to as energy in motion, or as the work required to take an object from being at rest to action/movement. Mathematically, kinetic energy is calculated as ½ of the mass of a body, multiplied by the speed of the body squared, KE=1/2 mv^2. Where

    • What is the Fifth State of Matter?

      What is the Fifth State of Matter?

      The fifth state of matter is actually the first phase of matter. It is called a Bose-Einstein Condensate. Matter in the fifth state is really slow moving and extremely condensed. It only exists at near absolute zero temperatures and is very fragile and unstable. It was discovered in 1995 by Eric Cornell and Carl Weiman through experimentation with rubidium,

    • What is Bioluminescence?

      What is Bioluminescence?

      A living organism is bioluminescent when it produces and emits light. Most organisms that do this live in the sea. However, there are several land insects and plants that also have bioluminescent qualities, including the firefly. The trait has typically evolved in organisms that either need to communicate with each other or lure/detect prey. How

    • What is Transconductance?

      What is Transconductance?

      Transconductance is a property of some electronic components and is also known as mutual conductance. It is the opposite of resistance. The measure of transconductance is the ratio of the electrical current change at an output port as compared to the voltage change at the input port. The measure of transconductance is commonly used in

    • Magnetic Permeability

      Magnetic Permeability

      Magnetic Permeability is a term refers to the ability of a material to gain or maintain magnetism. When certain materials are placed in a magnetic field they become magnetized.  For example, when you take a piece of iron and rub it on a substance already magnetized or a magnet, it will become magnetized and have a

    • Humidity Sensors

      Humidity Sensors

      Humidity sensors (hygrometers) measure and report the air’s relative humidity. They are used in homes, wine cellars, and working environments that that are so humid that they negatively impact working conditions. Humidity sensors are also used in vehicles, industrial HVAC systems, and meteorological stations to help in the predicting and reporting of weather conditions. How

    • Linear Actuator

      Linear Actuator

      A linear actuator is a mechanical device that makes a linear motion, usually via a hydraulic pump or electromagnetic gear. Other forces can be used to create linear motion. The different types of linear actuators include screw, wheel and axle, cam, hydraulic pump, pneumatic, piezoelectric, and electro-mechanical. Linear motors, wax motors, and telescoping linear actuators

    • Electromotive Force

      Electromotive Force

      Electromotive force is the electrical potential energy that causes current to flow through a circuit. It results from the difference in charge between two points in a material. This difference is created when an external source such as a battery makes electrons move to both points so that there is an excess at the first

    • The Venturi Effect

      The Venturi Effect

      The Venturi effect is the phenomenon that occurs when a fluid that is flowing through a pipe is forced through a narrow section, resulting in a pressure decrease and a velocity increase. The effect is mathematically described through the Bernoulli equation and can be observed in both nature and industry. Many industry applications rely on

    • Total Harmonic Distortion

      Total Harmonic Distortion

      Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) is a measured difference in audio levels between the input audio signal’s harmonics and the harmonics of the output audio signal of an amplifier or other audio device. Output Distortion Level As the signal passes through an amplifier it is always somewhat distorted at its output. The waveform at the input

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