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    • The Certificate Enrollment Process

      The Certificate Enrollment Process

      While encryption can be a robust security technology, users have to implement a public key infrastructure (PKI) to make it beneficial and trusted within an organization. The Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 PKI implementation resides in Certificate Services. A public key infrastructure is the collection of technology, protocols, services, standards, and policies that control

    • TCP/IP

      TCP/IP

      Understanding the Function of Protocols Protocols are rules, standards and procedures that enable information to be communicated in the network environment. The rules and standards that control the way in which computers communicate are referred to as protocols. A few relevant factors to consider when discussing protocols and the network environment are: There are numerous

    • Network Load Balancing

      Network Load Balancing

      Network Load Balancing Overview Network Load Balancing (NLB), included in Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 can be used if you need to provide increased levels of availability for TCP/IP applications. All versions of Windows Server 2003 include NLB. While NLB is automatically installed, it is not enabled. In a NLB cluster, client requests are

    • Understanding Internet Connections

      Understanding Internet Connections

      Internet Connectivity Introduction  In most organizations and networks today, Internet connectivity is no longer an additional option, but a necessity. Most organizations that have a networking environment need to provide its employees or users with some form of connectivity to the Internet. E-mail and Web sites have evolved into being important mechanisms for a vast

    • SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)

      SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)

      An Overview on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) The Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol was developed by Netscape Communications, and enables secure communication over the Internet. SSL works at the transport layer of Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), which makes the protocol independent of the application layer protocol functioning on top of it. SSL is an

    • The Windows Routing Table

      The Windows Routing Table

      When routers need to forward packets, they interpret the packets’ addresses then use the information in the routing tables to pass the packet on. Data packets contain both source and destination addresses in their packet headers. This is the information that is used when routing decisions need to be made. The destination address is compared

    • The VPN Gateway

      The VPN Gateway

      Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) enable users to connect to a remote private network through the Internet. Virtual private networks therefore span the Internet because the user connects over the Internet to the remote VPN server. With a VPN, data is first encrypted and encapsulated before it is sent to the remote VPN server. When the

    • DFS (Distributed File System)

      DFS (Distributed File System)

      DFS (Distributed File System) provides a mechanism for administrators to create logical views of folders and files, regardless of where those files are physically located on the network. DFS also allows administrators to distribute shared folders and work loads across several servers for more efficient network and server resources use. Fault tolerance network storage resources

    • Understanding the Department of Defense Network Model

      Understanding the Department of Defense Network Model

      Department of Defense Network (DoD) Network Model Introduction Back in 1960, systems were primarily made up of mainframe computers, and were typically owned by fairly large companies and government institutions. Because mainframe computers run different proprietary software, and due to mainframes not being able to communicate between each other, special code (interface) had to be

    • Developing a Test Network

      Developing a Test Network

      Planning the Test Network Environment Any successful network design deployment includes a testing strategy, and the execution of the testing plan. To test the network design, you have to plan the test network or environment, and then create the test network. A testing environment can contain one lab or multiple labs. You can build various

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